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读故事20天搞定英语考研单词(2)

D-9

dock n.船坞,码头

doctrine n.教义,教条,主义

documentary a.文献的n.记录片

hotdog 红肠面包,热狗

doll n.玩偶,玩具娃娃

domain n.(活动、思想等)领域,范围;领地

dome n.圆屋顶

domestic a.家里的;本国的;驯养的

dominant a.支配的,统治的,占优势的

donate v.捐赠,赠送

donkey n.驴

doon n.厄运,劫数v.注定,命定

nextdoor 隔壁

outof doors 在户外

d00rway n.门口

dormitory/dorm n.(集体)宿舍

dose n.剂量,一服,一剂v.(给……)服药

dot n.点,圆点v.在……上打点

doubleup 弯腰;把……折起来

nodoubt 无疑,必定

doubtful a.(of,about)怀疑的,可疑的

dove n.鸽子

words:17 Phrases:5 Total: 22

Lastweek, we saw a documentary about two domestic animals. It seemed to be a farce and it made us doubled up with laugher. A donkey and a dove lived in a small domlitory. The donkey liked eating hot dogs and the dove liked playing with her doll. Somebody donated a black dress with white dots to the doll. They had faith in different doctrines, so they had a good many domestic troubles. From the very beginning their living together was doomed to failure. The dove was arbitrary. She always wanted to dominate others. The dome was her domain and she didn’t allow others to get close to it. The worst thing was, she wagged her tongue day and night. But she met her doom after she made the donkey angry. The donkey disliked the dove there was no doubt about that. One day, the house next door caught fire. It was dangerous to stay at the doorway . Both of them escaped out of doors. Then the donkey took the dove down to the dock to see the ships. On the way, he persuaded her to take one dose of some kind of medicine. He’s doubtful about whether he should do it. The dove took it and could speak no more than three words at a time. It was really magic medicine!

上周,我们看了一场关于两只驯养的动物的记录片。它看起来很像闹剧,我们都笑弯了腰。一只驴子和一只鸽子住在一个小宿舍里。驴子喜欢吃热狗,鸽子喜欢玩她的玩具娃娃。有人给她的玩具娃娃捐赠了一条带白圆点的黑裙子。他们信仰不同的教义,因此有许多家庭的纠纷。从一开始他们的相处就注定失败。鸽子很霸道,她总想要支配别人。圆屋顶是她的领域,她不准其他人靠近。最讨厌的是,她每天唠叨个不停。但自从她把驴子弄火了之后,她的劫数就到了。驴子不喜欢鸽子,这是无疑的。一天,隔壁房间着火了。站在门口是很危险的。他俩逃出,来到户外。然后驴子带鸽子去船坞看船去。路上,他设法让她吃了一剂药。他有些怀疑他是否一定要那样做。鸽子吃了药后每次说话就不超过3个字了。那可真是神奇的药啊!

D-10

dozeoff 打磕睡

dozen n.一打,十二个

draft n.草稿,草案,草图v.起草,草拟

drag v.拖,拖曳

dragon n.龙

drain n.排水沟,阴沟;消耗,负担v.排去,放干

drama n.剧本,戏剧;戏剧性事件或场面

dramatic a.戏剧的,戏剧性的;剧烈的

drastic a.激烈的,严厉的

drawin (火车、汽车)到站

drawon 动用,利用;吸,抽(烟)

drawup 写出,画出;草拟;停住

drawback n.欠缺,缺点

drawer n.抽屉

dread v./n.恐惧,担心

dressup 穿上盛装,打扮得漂漂亮亮

drift v./n.漂,漂流

drip v.滴下,漏水n.滴,水滴,点滴

dropby/in 顺便来访

dropoff 减弱,减少

dropout 退出,离队

words:13 Phrases:8 Total: 21

Severalgood actors and actresses dropped out of this theatre. What the remaining ones did was to dress up to displaythemselves on the stage. So the audiences for the play had recently dropped off. A dramatist was asked to amend the play.He had painfully drawn up a first draft. Its drawback was obvious, so he locked it in a drawer. The boss dropped by him.They had a drastic dispute over the draft. After the boss left, the dramatist had a dozen buns for supper. Then he began to doze off. Suddenly he heard the drip of the water. Then he was surprised to find himself standing on a boat. The boat drifted helplessly along the drain until some people saw him. They helped him up. But the boat changed into a dragon all at once! The dramatist dreaded it so much that he dared not to see it. The others discussed draining the water first, and then they could drag it out of the drain. The dramatist sneaked away. He got on a train. The train drew in at 9 PM. When he opened the door of his house, he saw the dragon smiling at him ! The dramatist woke up with great fear. The dramatic dream inspired him a lot. He drew on all his talents to write an excellent play.

几个优秀的男女演员退出了这个剧院。剩下的人儿只会在舞台上打扮得漂漂亮亮展现自己。于是看戏的观众近来减少了。一名剧作家被要求修改剧本。他费力地写出第一份草稿。它的缺点是明显的,于是他把它锁进了一个抽屉。老板顺便拜访他。他们在草稿问题上有着激烈的争执。老板走后,剧作家吃了一打面包作为晚餐然后开始打瞌睡了。突然他听见水滴声。然后他吃惊地发现自己站在一条船上。船儿无助地顺着排水沟漂流直到有人看见他。他们帮他上岸。但船儿猛然间变成了一条龙!剧作家非常恐惧,以至于不敢看它。其他人讨论着要先把水放干,然后把它从排水沟里拖出来。剧作家偷偷溜走了。他乘上一列火车。火车晚上9点到站了。但他打开他家的门时,他看见龙在向他微笑!!剧作家惊恐地醒过来。这个戏剧性的梦启发了他很多。他动用他所有的才能写出了一部很捧的剧本。

D-11

drought n.旱灾,干旱

drown v.溺死,淹没

drum n.鼓;圆桶

dubious a.在问题的,靠不住的;(值得)怀疑的;犹豫不决的

dueto 由于,因为

dull a.单调的;迟钝的,愚笨的;不锋利的

domb a.哑的,无言的

dump v.倾倒,倾卸n.垃圾堆,垃圾场

duplicate n.复制品,副本v.复写,复制,使加倍

durable a.持久的,耐久的

duration n.持久;期间;持续时间

dusk n.薄暮,黄昏

offduty 下班

onduty 值班,上班

dwell v.住,居留

dwellon 凝思,详述

dwelling n.住宅,寓所

dye n.染料v.染,染色

dynamic(al) a.动力的,电动的;有生气的

dynasty n.王朝,朝代

Word:16 Phrases:4 Total:20

Itis time in the future. But the dynamic dynasty has gone. The weather becomes protean due to the pollution’s influence of long duration. Sometimes some crops died during the drought ; sometimes some animals were drowned by the heavy rainfall. Lots of garbage is dumped on the dump. People dwell in the houses made of durable material. They changed their dwellings from time to time. Human beings are not smart anymore. Most of the people become dull and dumb. Dynamical robots controlled them. The human beings were forced to dye their hair with different colors. They never dwell on any problems. They only go on duty at 8 : 00 AM and come off duty at 8 : 00 PM everyday. At dusk, a huge drum begins to beat. Everyone begins to eat supper. A few smart people. feel dubious about how to help others. One of them suggests duplicating the clever people. But it’s certain that the suggestion is dubious. The above-entioned story hasn’t come true yet. But it maybe…

时间处于未来。但有生气的朝代已经结束。因为污染的长期持久的影响,天气变化无常。有时农作物死于干旱,有时动物被大雨溺死。大量垃圾被倾倒在垃圾场。人们住在由耐久的材料制作的房屋里。他们不时地改换住宅。人类不再聪明了。大多数人变得又迟钝又哑。电动的机器人控制了他们。人类被迫将头发染成五颜六色。他们从不凝思任何问题。他们只是每天早上8点上班,每天晚上8点下班。在黄昏,一只巨大的鼓开始敲击。每个人都开始吃晚饭。几个聪明的人对如何帮助其他人感到犹豫不决。他们中的一个建议复制聪明的人。但很明显这个建议是靠不住的。上述的故事还没有变为事实。但它有可能……

E-1

eachother 互相

eagle n.鹰

earnest a.热心的,诚挚的

earnings n.[pl.]收入,收益

onearth 究竟,到底;在世界上

earthenware n.陶器

earthquake n.地震

ease v.减轻;使舒适,使安心n.容易;舒适,悠闲

theMiddle East 中东

Easter n.复活节

echo v./n.回声,反响,共鸣

eclipse n.日食,月食

ecology n.生态学

economic a.经济(上)的,经济学的

economical a.节约的,经济的

economics n.经济学;经济情况

economy n.节约;经济

edge n.边,棱;刀口,刃v.侧身移动,挤进

edible a.可以吃的,可食用的

edition n.版,版本,版次

editorial n.社论

carry/bringinto effect 使生效,使起作用

putinto effect 实行,生效

come/gointo effect 生效,实施

ineffect 有效;实际上

takeeffect 生效,起作用

Word:20 Phrases:8 Total:28

Ina country of the Middle East, there was a man named Eagle. His high earnings came from his earthenware factory.He learned some economics to improve his management. In a word, he lived a life of ease. But something happened. It was reported that there would be an eclipse on Easter Day. It did appear and an earthquake followed! No one had realized what on earth was going on. Eagle fell off the edge of the ground crack. Luckily enough, he was saved. His ankle was hurt. Heplastered it with some medicine. And the medicine took effect quickly. The next day, an earnest editor wrote an editorial.He appealed to everyone to help each other. The editorial was so popular that it had entered the seventh edition. Eagle was very economical, but the editor’s words echoed in his ears. He donated much edible food to starving people. The country’s economy was unstable after the earthquake. When the time was ripe, a new economic policy would be put into effect. The new one would not go into effect until the first of March. To carry the policy into effect, a lot of money was needed. In Eagle’s opinion, the new one and the old one in effect were identical. Having gone through the earthquake, he cared for nature more than before. So he started to study ecology.

E-2

effective a.有效的,生效的

efficiency n.效率;功效

efficient a.有效的,效率高的;有能力的,能胜任的

effort n.努力,艰难的尝试

either…or 或…或,不是……就是;不论……还是

eject v.喷射,排出;驱逐

elaborate a.详尽的,精心的 v.精心制作,详细说明

elastic a.弹性的n.松紧带,橡皮圈

elbow n.肘

electric a.电的,导电的,电动的

electrical a.电的,电学的

electrician n.电学家,电工

electrify v.使充电,使通电;使电气化

electron n.电子

electronic a.电子的

electronics n.电子学;电子设备

elegant a.优雅的,优美的,精致的

element n.元素;组成部分

elementary a.初等的;基本的

elevate v.抬起,升高

elevation n.高度

elevator n.电梯,升降机

eliminate v.消除

elite n.[总称]上层人士,掌权人物,实力集团;出类拔萃的人(集团),精英

eloquent a.雄辩的,有说服力的;善辩的,口才流利的

or else 否则,要不然

Words:24 phrases:2 total: 26

Mr.Marshall was an electrician with elegant manners. He mastered electrical engineering. Also he knew some elementary exercises for the piano. Mr. Marshall was efficient at his job. His labor efficiency was very high. So he was one of the elite in the electronics field. Either his boss or his colleagues agreed on this. Today his boss would come to check his work. The experiment building was at an elevation of 1.000 meters. The boss took the elevator to the eighteenth floor. Mr. Marshall had prepared an elaborate report on a new electronic device. He took his elbows off the desk and showed his boss the design. Then he elevated his voice slightly, “This kind of metal is a special element. If we electrify the electronic device, the electric current will cause the electrons to eject quickly…The new process can eliminate the need for checking the products by hand. And we don’t need elastic rubber any more. “Mr. Marshall’s eloquent words impressed his boss very much. He asked, ” When can the new system become effective? Do it quickly, or else we will miss the Electronics Exposition next month. ” “No problem.” Mr. Marshall answered. Finally, his efforts were rewarded with success.

马歇尔先生是个有着优雅风度的电学家。他精通电学工程,还知道一些基本的钢琴练习。马歇尔先生工作很有能力。他的工作效率很高,所以他是电子学领域的一名出类拨萃的人物。不论是他的老板还是他的同事都同意这点。今天他的老板来视察他的工作。实验大楼坐落在海拔l000米的高度。老板乘电梯来到18层。马歇尔先生已经准备好了一份关于一个新的电子设备的详尽报告。他将胳膊肘从桌上移开,向老板展示设计。然后他略微提高了他的声音开始解释:“这种金属是一种特殊的元素。如果我们使这个电子设备通电,那么.电流会使电子快速喷射…这种新方法可以消除人工检测产品的程序,并且我们不再需要弹性的橡胶了。”马歇尔先生有说服力的话让老板印象非常深刻。他问道:“这个新系统什么时候生效? 要弄快点,否则我们就要错过下个月的电子设备展览会了。”马歇尔先生回答说:“没问题。”最终,他的努力得到了成功的回报。

E-3

embark v.(使)上船(或飞机、汽车等)

embark on/upon 从事,着手,开始工作

embarrass v.使窘迫,使为难

embassy n.大使馆

embody v.体现,使具体化

embrace v.拥抱;包含

emerge v.浮现,出现

emergency n.紧急情况,突然事件,非常时刻

emigrate v.(to,from)自本国移居他国

emission n.散发,发射

emit v. 散发,发射

emotion n.情绪,情感

emperor n. 皇帝

emphasis n. 强调,重点

emphasize/emphasise v.强调

empire n. 帝国

empirical a.凭经验(或观察)的,经验主义的

employee n.雇工,雇员

employer n.雇主

enable v.使能够,使成为可能

enclose v.围住,圈起,封入

enclosure n.围住,圈起,封人,附件

encounter n./v.遇到,遭遇

encourage v.鼓励,怂恿

encyclopedia/encyclopaedia n.百科全书

endanger v.危及,危害

words:25 phrases:1 total:26

New problemsemerge everywhere everyday. A famousscientist and his family just emigrated from Italy to this empire. but two days ago, the scientist’s son encountered several kidnappers when he was reading an encyclopedia. They kidnapped him. The boy’s life was endangered. “This put the embassy In a very embamassing position. The emperor made aspeech with emotion. He encouraged the family to cheer Up. The police embarked on this case. They made a plan called Sword Action. Their plan embraced all aspects of the rescue. The emphasis of the plan was to save the boy. The team leader emphasized the importance of the rescue. Several witnesses said a ship embarked the suspects at the north port. This clue enabled the police to follow the tracks of the kidnappers. Every plainclothesman carried a pistol for use in an emergency. The kidnappers contacted the scientist by emitting the radio signals the scientist kept in touch with the emission. At the same time. the police enclosed the ship with fishnet. The ship stopped. The police caught the employees and the employer ofthe ship. Then several entpirical policemen began to search the kidnappers and the boy. They embodied their courage and brightness. After the fierce fighting, the boy was saved safely. The scientist saw his son again. They embraced each otherwlth tears!

每天,每个地方,新问题都会出现。一位著名的科学家和他的家人刚从意大利移居到这个帝国。但两天前;科学家的儿子在读一本百科全书的时候遇到几个绑匪。他们绑架了他。男孩的生命受到危害。这让大使馆处于很窘迫的境地。皇帝充满情感地发表了演讲。他鼓励这个家庭振作起来。警方着手这个案件。他们制定了一个名为“利剑行动”的计划。他们的计划包含了营救的方方面面。计划的重点是救出男孩。队长强调了这次营救任务的重要性。几个目击者说一艘船在北面的港口搭载了嫌疑犯。这条线索使警方能够跟踪绑匪的踪迹。每个便衣刑警都携带了手枪以在紧急情况下使用。绑匪通过发射电波信号同科学家联络。科学家保持电波发射联络。与此同时,警方用鱼网围住了那只船。船停住了。警方抓住了那条船的雇员和雇主。然后几名凭经验的警察开始搜查绑匪和男孩。他们体现了他们的勇气和智慧。在激战后,男孩安全获救了。科学家再次见到他的儿子。他们热泪盈眶地拥抱在一起!

E-4

endeavor/endeavour v./n.努力,尽力,力图

ending n.结尾,结局

endurance n.忍耐(力),持久(力),耐久(性)

endure v.忍受,持久,持续

energetic a.有活力的,精力旺盛的

enforce v.实行,执行, 强制

engage v.(in)(使)从事于,(使)忙于,(使)订婚;雇用

engagement n.约会,约定;婚约,订婚

engine n.发动机,引擎;火车头

engineer n.工程师

engineering n.工程学

enhance v.提高,增强

enjoy oneself 过得快活

enjoyment n.享乐,乐趣

enlarge v.扩大,放大,增大

enlighten v.启发,启蒙,开导

enormouse a.巨大的,庞大的

enquire(=inquire) v.询问,打听;调查,查问

enrich v.使富足,使肥沃

enrol/enroll v.招收;登记;入学

ensure v.确保,保证

enterprise n.事业,(企)事业单位;事业心,进取心

entertain v.招待,款待;使娱乐;使欢乐

entertainment n.招待,款待;文娱节目

Words:23 phrases:1 Total:24

WhenPhilip was very young, he was enlightened on engineering. He enrolled at a famous University. Alter the graduation, he became an engineer in a big enterprise. Just like the police enforced the law seriously, Philip worked very hard. He engaged in his work and he enjoyed himself very much. The more he worked, the more energetic he was. Philip was a man of great enterprise. He invented a new kind of engine. The invention enriched him and enhanced his reputation. One day,philip met a lovely girl. He watched her with enormous interest. Then he enquired everything about her. After that, Philip endeavored to please his beloved lady. He entertained her with music and cookies at home. He showed his remarkable endurance throughout the courtship. He could not endure a day without seeing her. But he could not ensure that the girI could be moved. The girl enquired whether he really loved her. She enforced herself not to think of him, but she could not. Now,I am glad to tell you that the story has a happy ending. Phili got engaged to the girl when traveling last winter. Their engagement was announced in the papers. And they planned to enlarge their engagement photograph.

当菲力浦很小的时候,他就在工程学方面受到启蒙。他入学一所著名的大学。毕业之后,他任职于一家大企业做工程师。正如警察认真执行法律,菲力浦工作很努力。他忙于他的工作并且过得非常快乐。越是工作,他越是精力旺盛。菲力浦是个事业心很强的人。他发明了一种新的发动机。这项发明使他富足并且提高了他的声誉。一天,菲力浦遇到了一名可爱的女孩。他怀着巨大的兴趣观察她。然后他打听有关她的一切。那之后,菲力浦努力使他心爱的女子快乐。他在家用音乐和饼干招待她。他在求爱期间展现了非凡的忍耐力。他不能忍受一天见不到她。但他不能确保女琴被感动了。女孩调查他是否真的爱她。她强制自己不去想他,但她做不到。现在,我很高兴地告诉你们这个故事有个快乐结局。菲力浦与那个女孩在去年冬天旅行的时候订婚了。他们的订婚消息已在报上宣布,并且他们计划放大他们的订婚照片。

E-5

enthusiasm n.热情,热心

enthusiastic a.热情的,热心的

entire a.完全的,全部的,完整的

entitle v.给以权利(或资格);给……以称号;给……题名

entry n.进入,人口;通道;记载,条目

envelope n.信封,信皮;封套

environment n.环境,外界

envy v./n.羡慕,忌妒

epidemic a.流行性的;传染的n.流行病;传播

episode n.片断,(连续剧的)一集

epoch n.时期,时代

equality n.同等,平等

equation n.(数学)等式,方程式;(with)相等;均衡

equator n.赤道

equivalent a.(to)相等的,等价的,等值的n.相等物,等价物,等值物

era n.时代,年代,阶段,纪元

erase v.擦掉;删去

erect v.树立,建立;使坚立a.直立的,垂直的

erosion n.腐蚀,磨损;削弱,减少

erroneous a.错误的,不正确的

error n.错误,过失

erupt v.(尤指火山)爆发

essay n.文章,短文

essence n.本质,实质

in essence 大体上,本质上

essential a.(to)必要的,必不可少的;本质的,基本的

words:25 phrases:1 total:26

Mr.Loewi was a geography professor. His teaching method marked a new epoch in education. His students welcomed him with enthusiasm. They often waited for him at the entrance of school. His best essay entitled him to win a national prize. Also he compiled a dictionary that had over 10,000 entries. He entitled the dictionary “Our environment” . Many people envied his good fortune. But he did believe in equality of opportunity. In fact, Mr. Loewi’s most essential quality was kindness. He was in entire agreement with an opinion, that is, the equation of wealth with happiness could be dangerous.They were not equivalents. So he always was enthusiastic about helping others. Last summer, Mr.Loewi led his stu-dents to inspect a mountain at the equator. They prepared enough food. Though it is the computer era, the food is essential to life. Also they put some medicines against an influenza epidemic in an envelope. The entry to the mountain was behind lush trees. They erected their tents there. It was an erroneous choice. They ignored the erosion of the mountain by the volcanic ash! The mountain was different in essence with normal mountains. It was a volcano! The second morning, the volcanic erupted suddenly. To save one student, Mr. Lowei sacrificed his life. The students never could erase the episode from their memories.

洛伊先生是一名地理教授。他的教学方式标志了教育的新时代。他的学生怀着极大热情欢迎他。他们常常在学校的入口处等他。他的最佳文章使他有资格获得国家奖。他还编著了一本超过一万个条目的字典。他给字典题名为“我们的环境”。许多人忌妒他的好运气。但他只相信机会的平等。实际上,洛伊先生最基本的品质是善良。他完全同意一个观点,即把金钱同快乐相等起来是很危险的。它们不是等价物。于是他总是热心帮助别人。去年夏天,洛伊先生带他的学生去考察位于赤道的一座山峰。他们准备了足够的食物。虽然是计算机时代,食品还是生命里不可缺少的。他们还在一个信封里放了一些防止一种流行性感冒的药品。山的入口在浓密的树丛后面。他们在那里竖立起帐篷。这是一个错误的选择。他们忽视了山体被火山灰腐蚀的迹象!这座山在本质上同普通的山不同。它是座火山!第二天早上,火山突然爆发了。为救一名学生,洛伊先生牺牲了自己的性命。学生们永远也不会将这一片断从他们的记忆中擦掉。

E-6

establish v.建立,设立;安置,使定居

establishment n.建立,设立,建立的机构(或组织)

estate n.地产,房地产

esthetic/aesthetic a.美学的,艺术的;审美的

estimate v./n.估计,估价

eternal a.永久的,永恒的

Europe n.欧洲

European a.欧洲的,欧洲人的n.欧洲人

evaluate v.估价,评价;求……的值

evaluation n.估价,评价;赋值

evaporate v.(使)蒸发

evenif/though 即使,虽然

eventhen 即使那样,连……都

evenly ad.均匀地,平坦地

atall events 无论如何

inany event 无论如何

inthe event of 万一,如果发生

eventually ad.终于,最后

everlasting a.永久的

evidence n.根据,证据,形迹,迹象

evident a.明显的,明白的

evil a.邪恶的,罪恶的n.邪恶,罪恶

evolution n.进化,渐进;演化

evolve v.(使)发展,(使)进化

words:19 Phrases:5 Total:24

Mr.Lamb was a European. On the one hand. he believed the eternal God and everlasting spirit after death. On the other hand, he had learned that man has evolved from the eip and he had great interest in studying the evolution of man. SoMr. Lamb decided to leave Europe for a new continent. In any event his parents would stand by him even if he could not succeed. But they asked him to telephone them in the event of need. It was a hard journey but his ship eventually reached a continent. That was a day of sunshine. The sun evaborated the morning dew. From the esthetic view, it was a beautiful continent. But there was enough evidence to prove it was not a new one. It was evident that Mr. Lamb’s search was a failure.Even then he would not admit his mistake. Instead of it, he established a company with a partner. The establishment of the company took one year. The clerks estimated 100 acres of land every day. And they evaluated the clerks’ work every day.Quickly, the company accumulated a lot of estates. Profits were to be divided evenly between Mr. Lamb and his parner.But his partner wanted to have money all to himself. Mr. Lamb encountered a terrible murder, at all events he was notkilled. Furthermore, the bad man was punished for his evil acts.

E-7

exactly ad.确切地,精确地,恰好

exaggerate v.夸大,夸张

example n.例子,实例;模范,榜样

exceed v.超过,胜过,越出

exceedingly ad.极端地,非常

excellent a.卓越的,极好的

except for 除……之外

exception n.例外,除外

with the exception 除……之外

exceptional a.例外的,异常的

excess a.过量的,额外的n.过量,过剩

in excess of 超过

excessive a.过多的,过分的

exchange v./n.(for)交换,调换,兑换;交流,交易;交换台,交易所

excitement n.刺激,激动

exclaim v.呼喊,惊叫,大声说

exclamation n.感叹,惊叹

exclude v.拒绝,把…排除在外,排斥

exclusive a.专有的,独占的;除外的,排他的

excursion n.短途旅行,游览

execute v.实施,执行

executive n.总经理,董事,行政负责人a.执行的,实施的

exemplify v.举例证明;是……的榜样

exercise n.练习,习题;训练,锻炼v.训练,锻炼;行使

exert v.尽(力);施加(压力等)

exhaust v.使筋疲力尽,耗尽;抽完,汲干n.排气装置;废气

Words:23 phrases:3 total:26

Norawas an excellent gymnast in this country. She granted a reporter an exclusive interview last week. And the reporter told us exactly how she succeeded. He exemplified the achievement of hard work. He didn’t exaggerate the fact at all.To enter a famous exclusive training school, Nora sacrificed an excursion and she had to do a lot of exercises to get rid of her excess weight. At first, Nora liked all her teachers with the exception of Mr. Burton. He was exceedingly strict with her.Nora’s performance was good, except for a few steps. Mr.Burton exerted a lot of pressure on her. Nora called him exhaust pipe in her heart, but she had to execute his orders. Little by little, Nora exceeded the other students. She never tookan excessive interest in clothes. And her expenditure never was in excess of income. It seemed that she had an excess of energy. In fact,doing exercises all day exhausted her. Nora’s diligence had set an example to the others. It was exceptional fora ten-year-old girl to win the national champion. Nora did it. People exclaimed for her victory. The chief executive of the National Sports Executive Committee often exchanged opinions on sports with her. The other gymnasts excluded Nora because of her success. But she kept calm amid all these excitements.

诺拉是这个国家卓越的体操运动员。上周她同意了一名记者的专有采访。这名记者确切地告诉了我们她是如何成功的。他举例证明了通过努力获得成就。他一点也没有夸张。为了进入一所著名的有些排外的学校,诺拉牺牲了一次短途旅行并不得不做了许多的锻炼来减掉额外的体重。起先,除了柏顿先生之外,诺拉喜欢所有的老师。他对她非常严格。诺拉的表演很好,除了一两个步伐之外。柏顿先生对她施加很大压力。诺拉在心里骂他是排气管,但不得不执行他的命令。渐渐地,诺拉超过了其他的学生。她对衣服从来没有过多的兴趣。并且她的花销从来都不超过她的收入。看起来她精力过剩,实际上每天大量的训练使她筋疲力尽。诺拉的勤奋为其他学生树立了榜样。一个10岁的女孩赢得全国冠军是异常的。诺拉做到了。人们为她的胜利而呼喊。国家体育执行委员会的首席行政负责人经常同她交换体育方面的意见。其他体操运动员因为诺拉的成功而排斥她。但她在所有激动面前保持镇静。

E-8

exhibit v.展出,陈列

exhibition n.展览会;陈列,展览

existence n.存在,实在,生存,生活(方式)

expand v.(使)膨胀,(使)扩张;张开,展开

expansion n.扩张,膨胀;张开,伸展

expectation n.预期,期望,指望

expedition n.远征(队),探险(队)

expel v.把…开除;驱逐;排出

expend v.消费,花费

expenditure n.花费;(时间、金钱等的)支出,消耗

expense n.花费,消费,消耗

experimental a.实验(性)的,试验(性)的

expert n.专家,能手a.熟练的,有经验的;专门的

expertise n.专门知识(或技能等),专长

expire v.期满,(期限)终止;断气;死亡

explantion n.解释,说明

explicit a.详述的,明确的;坦率的

explode v.(使)爆炸,(使)爆发

exploit v.开拓,开发

explortion n.勘探,探测

explore v.勘探,探测,探究,探索

explosion n.爆炸,爆发

explosive a.爆炸(性)的,爆发(性)的n.爆炸物,炸药

words:23 Phrases:0 Total:23

Recently,there was a fossil exhibition at the museum. Many fish fossils were exhibited. Do you know the existence of one kind of fish that would not expire in the air because it couId expel air from lungs? The fossil showed that it began its expansion of territory millions of years ago. All the fossils were exploited by an expedition. There were many experts who had different expertise in the expedition. So the government had an expectation of good results. The research was important, but the expenditure of time and money was also considerable. For example, it was too much of an expense for them to own three helicopters. The experts found a proper mountain. They explored every part of it. After an experimental explosion, one of the experts exploded the gunpowder, an explosive. The explosion was heard a mile away. Several people were injured.The peace breaker could not provide an explicit explanation. In additions his passport was due to expire in two weeks. So he was expelled from the expedition. In spite of many difficulties, the expedition finished the job well.

近来博物馆有个化石展览。许多鱼化石展览在那里。你知道一种鱼的存在吗?它不会在空气中断气因为它能从肺呼出气体。化石显示它从几百万年前就开始了它的领土扩张了。所有的化石都是由一支探险队开发出来。这个探险队里有许多学有专长的专家。因此政府对探险有好的收获抱有期望。科研是很重要,不过时间和金钱的消耗也是很可观的。比如,他们拥有三架直升飞机就是很大的消费。专家们找到了合适的山峰。他们勘探了每一片地方。在实验性的爆炸之后,其中一个专家引爆了火药,一种爆炸物。爆炸在一英里外都听得见。有几人受了伤。肇事者无法给出详述的解释。此外,他的护照在两周后期满。于是他被探险队开除了。尽管有许多困难,探险队还是圆满完成了任务。

E-9

export v.输出,出口 n.出口(商品)

expose v.(to)使暴露;受到;使曝光

exposure n.暴露;揭露;(to)受到

extend v.延长,延伸

extensive a.广大的,广阔的

extent n.广度,宽度,长度;程度,限度

exterior a.外部的,外面的n.外部

external a.外部的,外面的

extinct a.灭绝的;熄灭了的

extinguish v.熄灭,扑灭

extra a.额外的,附加的n.附加物,额外的东西

extract v.拔出,抽出;摘录 n.摘录

extraction n.抽出,拔出

extraordinary a.非常的,格外的

extravagant a.奢侈的;过分的;(言行等)放肆的

extreme a.末端的,尽头的;极度的,极端的n.极端;最大

程度;极度(状态)

catchone’s eye 引起某人注意

keepan eye on 留意,照看

eyebrow n.眉毛

Words:18 Phrases:2 Total:20

Therainy weather extended into October. The river flooded extensive areas. From the mountains, people were able to see the full extent of the flood. To some extent, that was man’s fault. Man had logged too many trees. This country exported beef to Europe every year. Since the flood contaminated the beef, it sold the beef to the domestic people, keeping the external world from knowing the truth! A reporter had an extraordinary dream one night. An extinct dinosaur came back to life! The next day, the reporter happened to know this beef event. He raised his eyebrows and then extinguished his cigarette. His forehead was wet with sweat then was dry after exposure to the wind. He maintained a calm exterior, though really he was furious. Soon the reporter exposed the whole event. His political views were rather extreme. He said the government officials were living the extravagant lives while the people were eating the contaminated beef. His speech caught everyone’s eye. The newspaper extracted several passages from his speech and printed them on the front page. The consumers were angry. They asked for extra compensation. The government thought the reporter was too extravagant. The police kept an eye on him. They monitored his telephone extension. But the reporter insisted on his fight against the government.

F-1

fable n.寓言

fabric n.织物;结构

fabricate v.捏造,编造(谎言、借口等);建造,制造

face to face 面对面地

face up to 大胆面向

in the face of 面对,在……面前;不顾,即使

make a face 做鬼脸

facilitate v.使变得(更)容易,使便利

facility n.灵巧,熟练;[pl.]设备,设施,便利条件

in fact 其实,实际上

matter of face 实际情况,真相

factor n.因素,要素

faculty n.才能;学院,系;(学院或系的)全体教学人员

fade v.褪色;衰减,消失

Fahrenheit n.华氏温度计a.华氏温标的

fail to 未能

failure n.失败,不及格;失败者;故障,失灵;未能

faint a.微弱的,不明显的v.昏过去

faithful a.守信的,忠实的,如实的,可靠的

fall behind 落后

fall back on 求助于,转而依靠

fall in with 符合,与……一致;碰见

fall out 争吵;结果是

fall through 落空,失败

Words:12 Phrases:12 Total:24

WhenHerbert was young, he often made a face at class. So he fell behind in his studies. One day, he failed to pass an English exam. The boy and his father sat face to face. Herbert fabricated an excuse to escape punishment. He said, “The temperature that day was 100 degrees Fahrenheit. I fainted in the classroom.” His voice became faint. His strength seemed to fade after telling the lie. But his plan fell through. His father looked at him, “We are not going to fall out over this, are we? Your words didn’t fall in with the truth. In fact, I have fallen in with your teacher today. It is wrong to fall back on lies. As a matter of fact, one must face up to the failures of his life. Ability, health and honesty are factors of succeeds.” To facilitate communication, the father told the son a fable about a puppet. Herbert could not remain calm in the face of the truth. He swore to be honest for evermore. He was faithful to his promise. Furthermore, he found he had the faculty to learn languages easily. So after his college life, he joined the faculty of a famous university. There were 5 faculties at the university. The university repaired the fabric of the Teaching Buildings every year. Every telephone was installed a callback facility. Modem educational aids would be used with great facility. The first time Herbert got his salary, he bought a fine fabric for his mother.

F-2

false a.谬误的,虚伪的;伪造的,假的

fame n.名声

familiar a.(with,to)熟悉的,通晓的;亲近的

famine n.饥荒,饥馑

fancy n.爱好,喜爱,迷恋v.想像,幻想a.花式的,奇特的,异样的

fantastic(al) a.奇异的,幻想的;异想天开的;极好的

asfar as/so for as 远至,到……程度

byfar ……得多,最

farfrom 远非,远离

sofar 迄今为止

fare n.车费,船费v.过活,进展

farewell int.再会,别了

fascinate v.迷住,强烈吸引

fashion n.流行式样(或货品),风尚,风气;样子,方式

fashionable a.流行的,时髦的

fasten v.扎牢,使固定

fatal a.致命的,毁灭性的

fate n.命运

father-in-law 岳父,公公

fatigue n.疲劳

findfault 埋怨,挑剔

faulty a.有缺点的,有错误的

infavor/favour of 有利于,便于;赞成,支持

favorable/favourable a.赞许的;有利的,顺利的

favorite/favourite n.最喜欢的人或物a.特别喜欢的,中意的

fax n./v.传真(机、件);传真传输

Words:20 Phrases:6 Total:26

Irenehad a fancy for fantastical stories since childhood. Anything to do with old myths and legends fascinated her. Every night, her mind gave in to fatigue and she fell asleep. At the age of 25, Irene won her fame by her first novel. Her novel was by far better than that of any other writers in the city. She became the favorite writer in the readers’ hearts. They were in favor of her. They were favorable to her ideas. But Irene’s father-in-law was constantly finding fault with her. They had so far failed to reach an agreement. Irene was sure that her husband was far from a fool. But he pretended not to see this. He could not overcome his fatal weakness, cowardly character. So Irene longed to travel to places as far as she could arrive. Her judgment was frequently faulty, but her love for her husband was not false. It was a painful farewell. Then, Irene paid the bus fare to the airport. On the airplane, she fastened her seat belt and wondered what she would face. Ladies liked to follow the fashion. But Irene did not. She did not want to go to a fashionable place. In the country she arrived at, thousands of people died of famine. Irene was not really familiar with local laws, which brought some trouble to her. Sometimes she wondered what fate had in store for her next. All the way, she faxed her essays back to the publishing company.

自孩童起,艾琳就喜爱异想天开的故事。任何与古代神话和传奇有关的事情都会强烈吸引她。每天夜里,她会思考到疲劳不堪才人睡。25岁的时候,艾琳的第一本小说给她带来了名声。她的小说比那个城市的其他作家写的书好得多。她成了读者心中最喜欢的作家。他们支持她。他们赞许她的思想。但是艾琳的公公却一直挑剔她。他们迄今为止没有达成共识。艾琳肯定她的丈夫远非一个笨蛋,但他装作看不见这点。他无法克服他致命的弱点:懦弱。于是艾琳渴望去远至她能够到达的地方旅游。她的判断经常有错误,但她对丈夫的爱却不是虚伪的。那是痛苦的告别。然后,艾琳付车费去机场。在飞机上,她扎牢了安全带然后思考她将面临什么。女士们喜欢追赶时髦。但艾琳不是这样。她不想去一个时髦的地方。她到达的那个国家,成千上万的人死于饥荒。艾琳对当地法律不很熟悉,这给她带来一些麻烦。有时候她不知道等待她的命运是什么。一路上,她都把她写的短文传真回出版社。

F-3

fearful a.可怕的

feasible a.可行的

feast n.节日;宴会

feature n.特征,特色;特写

federal a.联邦的

fee n.费(会费,学费等);酬金

feeble a.虚弱的,无力的

feedin 输入

befed up(with) 感到厌烦

feedback n.反馈

feellike 欲,想要

fell v.砍倒,砍伐

fellowship n.伙伴关系;联谊会,团体

feminine a.女性的;娇柔的

fence n.篱笆,围栏n./v.击剑

ferry n.渡船v.渡运(人、车或物等)

fertile a.肥沃的,富饶的;能繁殖的

fertilizer/fertiliser n.肥料

festival n.节日;音乐节,戏剧节

fetch v.取来,接来

feudal a.封建的

quitea few 还不少,有相当数目的

fiber/fibre n.纤维,纤维质

fiction n.虚构,编造;小说

fierce a.凶猛的,残忍的;狂热的,强烈的

figure n.体形;数字;图形;人物v.(out)算出,估计,推测

Words:22 Phrases:4 Total:26

Aleckwent to a local federal college. The college charged high fees. At first Aleck enjoyed the fellowship of his classmates. But soon he was fed up with them. Quite a few students laughed at his feminine features. For example, Aleck had a small figure and he was too feeble to practice fencing. But other students often felled him at the fence class for fun. A person who cornered could be the fiercest one. Aleck belonged to a fellowship of revenge. He felt like doing something fearful. He wanted to be a figure known to everyone. He thought out a feasible plan. One night, Aleck fed in the password and then operated the networking computer. Its feedback was quick. He figured out the exact figures of his classmates’ credit cards. At a feudal festival, Aleck provided a feast for all of his classmates at home. Slinkingly, he built a fence around the yard to keep them out. Next, he fetched a bag of chemical fertilizer and exploded it! The fence was on fire! Even Aleck’s man-made fiber coat caught fire. Aleck took a ferry to escape. He came to the countryside. Anything grew in that fertile ground. It was a fiction. But who could say it would not happen?

亚力克上了当地的联邦大学。大学收取的学费很高。起先亚力克很喜欢与同学们的伙伴关系。但很快他对他们感到厌倦了。不少学生嘲笑他的女性的特征。比如,亚力克的体形很小并因为太虚弱而不能练习击剑。但其他学生常常在击剑课上把他砍倒来取乐。一个人被逼到死角时是有可能成为最凶猛的人。亚力克属于一个报仇团体。他想要做些可怕的事情。他想成为一个众所周知的人物。他想出一个可行的计划。一天晚上,亚力克输入计算机密码然后操作联网计算机。它的反馈很快。他算出他同学信用卡的具体数字。在一个封建的节日,亚力克在家里为所有的同学准备了一次宴会。偷偷地,他在院子的四周围上了围栏防止他们出来。接下来,他取来一袋化学肥料然后爆炸了它!围栏起火了!甚至亚力克的人造纤维外衣也着了火。亚力克乘着渡船逃离了。他来到乡下。这块肥沃的土地上长满了各种植物。这是一篇小说。但谁能说它不会发生呢?

F-4

fillin/out 填充,填写

filter n.滤器,滤纸

finally ad.最后,最终

finance n.财政,金融v.为……提供资金

financial a.财政的,金融的

findout 查明

finding n.发现,发现物;[常pl.]调查(研究)结果

finite a.有限的

catchfire 着火

setfire to 点燃

onfire 烧着

fireman n.消防队员

fireplace n.壁炉

firework n.爆竹;[常pl.]烟火

firm a.坚固的;坚决的,坚定的;稳固的n.公司,商号

atfirst 最初,首先

firstof all 首先,第一

fishery n.渔业,渔场;养殖场

fist n.拳头

fitting a.适合的,恰当的”.[常pl.]配件,附件;装配,安装

fixed a.固定的,不变的

fixture n.固定,固定物

flame n.火焰,火苗;热情,光辉v.发火焰,燃烧

flap n.垂下物,帽沿,袋盖,n./v.拍打,拍动

flare v./n.闪耀,闪烁

flareup 突然烧起来;突然发怒

flash n.闪光v.发闪光,闪亮;闪现

Words:19 Phrases:8 Total:27

Onenight, a fishery was on fire. At first the dry sticks caught fire then a firm house nearby it flared up in the wind. The great flames flared through the darkness. The owner of the fishery shook his fist at the fire. The wind flapped in his face and his eyes were flashing. He looked as if he was about to flare up. Flashes of lightning illuminated the scene. The firemen came with their fittings. Fortunately, the casualties were finite. But the fishery was confronted with a financial crisis. The repairs to it would be financed by the government. A new fireplace fixture was fixed in the wall. The lake water passed through a new filter before it was piped to the house. For the owner of the fishery, the government offered him a fitting position in a firm. First of all, he should fill in all the blanks on an application for the job. Finally, the police found out the reason of the accident. A boy set fire to a firework, and it burned on the sticks. The police reported its findings after the thorough investigation.

一天夜里,一个渔场烧着了。最初是干木柴着火,然后它附近一所坚固的房子也在风中突然燃起来。巨大的火焰在黑夜里闪烁。渔场主对着大火挥舞着拳头。风拍打着他的脸,他的眼睛闪闪发光。他看起来像是要突然发怒的样子。闪电的闪光照亮了现场。消防队员带着他们的配件来了。幸运的是,人员伤亡有限。但渔场面临着财政的危机。政府为渔场的修缮提供资金。新的壁炉的固定物被固定在墙上。湖水经过新的滤器过滤后通过管道进入室内。对于渔场的主人,政府给他在一家公司提供了一个适合的职位。首先他得填写好工作申请表上的所有空格。最终,警方查明了事故原因。一个男孩点燃了一个爆竹,爆竹在木柴上燃烧起来。警方在彻底调查后报告了调查结果。

F-5

flatten v.使变平

flatter v.奉承,使高兴

flavor/flavour n.味,风味v.……调味

flaw n.裂缝;缺陷

flee v.逃走;逃避

fleet n.舰队,船队

flesh n.肉,肌肉

flexible a.柔韧的,易弯曲的;灵活的

fling v.(用力地)扔,抛,丢

float v./n.浮动,飘浮

flock n.(一)群,(禽、畜等的)群;大量,众多v.群集,成群

flour n.面粉

flourish v.繁荣,茂盛,兴旺

flow v.流,流动”.流量,流速

flu n.流行性感冒

fluctuate v.(使)波动,(使)起伏

fluent a.流利的,流畅的

fluid a.流动的,流体的n.流体,液体

flush v.冲洗;奔流n./v.脸红a.(with)齐平的,同高的

flyover n.天桥;立交桥

foam n.泡沫v.起泡沫

focus n.焦点,(活动、兴趣等的)中心v.(on)使聚集,集中

fog n.雾

fold v.折叠n.褶,褶痕

folk n.人们a.民间的

as follows 如下

fond a.(of)喜爱的,爱好的

foodstuff n.食品,食料

Words:27 Phrases:l Total:28

Therewas a folk story as follows. Edward ran a bakery. His bread had plenty of flavors. And the price of his bread fluctuated according to the people’s needs. Both country folks and town folks liked his bread. Every day a flock of customers waited for his store to open. All that came to his bakery should go over a flyover first. They flattered him about his cooking. Edward would flush with embarrassment. Being shy was the only flaw in his character. As a matter of fact, Edward was very fond of cooking and foodstuff. His bakery was flourishing for four reasons. First, he focused his attention on his work. Second, he made bread with the best flour. Third, he had flexible flesh to work well. He folded the dough and then flattened it with his palms. From time to time, he used some cooling fluid to cool the dough. The last reason was, he could speak dialect fluently. One day, Edward caught a flu. He went to the riverbank to relax. The river flowed southwest to the Atlantic. It flushed after the heavy rain. A fleet was seen in the distance. Several branches floated down the river. One of them was locked by the flaw of a stone. Edward picked it up and flung it into the river. He liked to see foam on the river. The frightened fish fled away. The fog closed in so Edward went home.

如下是一个民间故事。爱德华开了一个面包店。他的面包有许多风味。并且他的面包的价格是根据人们的需要而波动的。乡下的人们和城里的人们都喜欢他的面包。每天都有一群顾客等着他的店开门。所有来他店的人都必须先经过一座立交桥。他们奉承他的烹饪技术。爱德华就会困窘地脸红起来。害羞是他性格里的惟一缺陷。事实上,爱德华非常喜欢烹饪和食品。他的面包店如此兴旺有4个原因:一、他集中注意力在工作上。二、他用最好的面粉做面包。三、他有柔韧的肌肉来卖力工作。他将面团折叠然后用手掌使它变平。—不时地,他用冷却液来冷却面团。最后一个原因是他当地方言说得很流利。一天,爱德华得了流行性感冒。他去河边放松自己。河水朝西南方向流人大西洋。它在暴雨之后奔流着。远处有一支舰队。几根树枝顺河漂浮而下。其中一根被一块石头的裂缝卡住了。爱德华拾起米然后用力地抛人河中。他喜欢看河水的泡沫。受惊吓的鱼儿逃走了。雾笼罩而来,于是爱德华回家了。

F-6

make a fool of 玩弄,愚弄

footstep n.脚步(声),足迹

forbid v.禁止,不许

in force 有效,实施中

come/go into force 生效,实施

forecast v./n.预测,预报

forefather n.祖先

forefinger n.食指

foregoing a.在前的,前述的

forehead n.额

foreigner n.外国人

foremost a./ad.最初,最前面

foresee v.预见,预知

forge v.锻造;伪造n.锻工车间

forgive v.原谅,饶恕

fork n.叉,耙;叉形物;餐叉

format n.设计,安排;样式v.使格式化

formation n.形成,构成

former a.以前的,在前的pron.前者

formula n.公式,程式

formulate v.构想,规划;系统地阐述

forth ad.向前,向外

and so forth 等等

forthcoming a.即将到来的

fortnight n.两星期

fortunate a.幸运的,侥幸的

fortune n.命运,运气;财产

Words:23 Phrases:4 total: 27

Iread a story recently. Benny got a new job. The contract would remain in force for a period of 3 years. And it came into force last month. Because Benny was a foreigner, his colleagues often made a fool of him. For example, smoking was forbidden in the forge, but they put cigarettes into his pocket. Benny always forgave them. One day the boss announced a competition and its format. Benny would be foremost to enter it. Like his forefather, Benny had the ability to foresee the future. It was important for a factory to formulate the production process. Benny suggested that the boss format the production process, and so forth. The boss approved his proposal after Benny formulated it. It was fortunate to work for a wise boss. Benny forged a new set of forks with great skill. Before the formation of a new idea, he would touch his forehead with his forefinger. On the day of evaluation, Benny went forth to show the samples. He forecasted that at least one of his products would pass the exam. His mother had told him his fortune and she said luck was forthcoming. Benny won the first prize of the competition. He was awarded a fortnight’s holiday and 100 thousand dollars. Both holiday and fortune were satisfying, but Benny liked the former better. The foregoing story was by an English writer.

我近来读了一则故事。本尼得到了新工作。合同三年有效,并且它从上个月起就生效了。因为本尼是个外国人,他的同事常常愚弄他。比如,锻工车间是禁止吸烟的,但他们把香烟放进他的口袋里。本尼总是原谅他们。一天,老板宣布了一次竞赛和竞赛样式。除了本尼没人愿意最先参加。像他的祖先一样,本尼有能力预知将来。对工厂来说,规划生产工序是很重要的。本尼建议老板格式化生产工序等等。老板在本尼系统地阐述了建议后批准了它。为一位明智的老板工作真是幸运。本尼非常技巧地锻造一套新叉子。在一个新主意形成之前,他会用食指来抚摩额头。到了验收的那天,本尼走向前展示样品。他预测他的作品中至少有一样会通过测试。他的母亲已经告诉了他关于他的命运,她说好运即将到来了。本尼赢得了一等奖。他被奖励一个两星期的假期和10万美元。假期和财产都是令人满意的,但本尼更喜欢前者。前述的故事是一个英国作家写的。

F-7

forum n.论坛,讨论会

fossil n.化石

foundation n.基础,根本;建立,创立;地基;基金会

fountain n.泉水,喷泉,源泉

fraction n.碎片,小部分,一点儿;分数

fracture n.裂缝(痕);骨折v.(使)断裂,(使)折断

fragment n.碎片,小部分,片断

fragrant a.香的

frame n.框架,骨架v.装框子

framework n.构架,框架,结构

frank a.坦白的,直率的

setfree 释放

freight n.货物;客运;运费

frequency n.频率,周率

frequent a.时常发生的,频繁的

freshman n.新生,大学一年级学生

friction n.摩擦,摩擦力

makefriends 交朋友,友好相处

befriends with 对……友好,与……交上朋友

fright n.恐怖

frighten v.使惊恐

Words:18 Phrases:3 Total: 21

Robert’sfather worked in a freight company. His mother was a housewife. The family never had friction. To afford to send their son to go to college, the couple spent only a fraction of their earnings. When he was only 3 years old, Robert knew 1/2 and 1/4 are fractions. And now Robert was a freshman at a big university. The foundation of the university took place over 100 years ago. It was famous for its ornate fountain and its attractive forum. The topic recently was the framework of dinosaur fossils. Robert found that several classmates were friends with him on the first day. To be frank, he wanted to make friends with them too. It was winter, but the air in the campus was fragrant because of winter sweets. Breathing it, Robert felt as if he was set free from a cage. Suddenly, he heard some cry, “Help!” It was from the lake. The ice of the lake fractured under the weight of the students skating on it. It was frequent in the winter. And one of them fell into the lake. The other students were frightened by this. Not only did Robert have a powerful frame, but also a warm heart. He dived into the lake. The student was saved but Roberts leg fractured in two places. When his mother heard of this, she dropped the vase on the floor, and it broke into fragments. In a sliver frame on the table, there was a photograph of her son. She was proud of her brave son but could not help crying.

罗伯特的父亲在一家货运公司工作。他的母亲是个家庭主妇。这家人从来没有摩擦。为供儿子上大学,两夫妇只花了收入的一小部分。当罗伯特3岁的时候,他就知道1/2和l/4都是分数。现在罗伯特是一所大型的大学的大一学生。这所大学的建立有一百多年了。它因为它那华丽的喷泉和吸引人的论坛而著名。最近的论题是恐龙化石的结构。第一天,罗伯特就发现几名同学对他很友好。坦白地说,他也想同他们交朋友。当时是冬天,但校园的空气因为腊梅而变得清香。呼吸着空气,罗伯特感觉自己像是被人从牢笼释放出来一般。突然他听见“救命”的呼喊声。喊声来自湖边。湖面的冰在滑冰学生们的重量下裂开了。这在冬天是时常发生的。其中一个学生落人湖中。这情形使其他的学生惊恐。罗伯特不仅有一副强壮的骨架,更有一颗见义勇为的心。他跳人湖中。那名学生得救了,但因此罗伯特的腿两处骨折。当他的母亲听到这个消息,她把花瓶掉在地上摔成了碎片。桌上一个银框架里是一张儿子的照片。她为儿子骄傲,但仍然忍不住哭泣起来。

F-8

to and fro 来来回回

frog n.蛙

frontier n.国境,边境;尖端,新领域

frost n.霜,霜冻,严寒

frown v.皱眉

frozen a.冷冻的

fruitful a.多产的;果实累累的,富有成效的

frustrate v.挫败,阻挠,使灰心

fry v.油煎,油炸

fuel n.燃料

fulfill/fulfil v.完成,履行

make fun of 取笑,嘲弄

function n.功能,作用;[pl.]职务,职责;函数v.起作用

fund n.资金,基金

fundamental a.基础的,基本的n.[pl.]基本,基本原理

funeral n.丧葬,葬礼

fur n.毛,毛皮

furious a.狂怒的,狂暴的,猛烈的

furnace n.炉子,熔炉

furnish v.供应,提供;装备,布置

furniture n.家具

further ad./a.更远,更往前;进一步v.促进,增进

furthermore ad.而且,此外

fuse n.保险丝,导火线,引信v.熔化,熔合

fuss n./v.忙乱,大惊小怪

make a fuss of 娇养(某人),过分关怀(某人)

Words:23 Phrases:3 Total:26

Afrog and a squirrel were neighbors. There was a fundamental difference between the two of them. The squirrel was diligent while the frog was lazy. In autumn, the frog made fun of the squirrel’s diligence. He said, “Don’t make so much fuss over saving your food.” The squirrel answered, “I only fulfill my obligation to build up a reserve fund. The main function of it is to help me to get through the winter. If you make a fuss of yourself in fruitful autumn, you will regret it in the cold winter.” The frog frowned at her words and became furious. So he left without a goodbye. The winter came. The squirrel had no expensive furniture, but she had a furnace to keep her warm. Furthermore, she had a beautiful fur overcoat. Her house furnished everything that was needed for one’s life. For example, the fuse-box was in the kitchen. Coal was used as fuel. Fried pine nuts were prepared for her dinner. On the contrary, the frog went to and fro on the frontier, looking for something edible. The ground was covered with frost. The terrible weather frustrated his hopes of finding food. He was too tired and hungry to walk any further.The next day, he was found dead, frozen. The squirrel attended the frog’s funeral and felt very sorry for him.

一只青蛙和一只松鼠是邻居。他们俩之间有着基本的区别。松鼠很勤奋而青蛙很懒惰。在秋天,青蛙取笑松鼠的勤劳。他说:“不要为储藏食物忙乱成那样子嘛。”松鼠回答:“我只是履行自己的职责来建立后备基金。它的主要作用就是帮助我度过冬天。如果你在果实累累的秋天太娇惯你自己的话,你将在寒冷的冬季后悔的。”青蛙对她的话皱眉并且暴怒起来。因此他没有道别就离开了。冬天来临了。松鼠没有昂贵的家具,但她有炉子来取暖。而且,她还有漂亮的毛皮大衣。她的房子装备了所有个人生活所需的一切。比如,保险丝盒子在厨房里。煤是用来做燃料的。油炸松子是她的正餐。与之相反,青蛙在边境上来来回回地寻找能吃的东西。地面上覆盖着霜冻。可怕的天气挫败了他寻找食物的希望。他又累又饿,再也无法走得更远。第二天,他被发现已经死了,身体是冷冻的。松鼠参加了青蛙的葬礼,并且为他的死感到非常难过。

G-1

gage/gauge n.标准尺寸,规格;量规,量表

galaxy n.星系;一群(杰出或著名的人物);[the G-]银河(系)

gallery n.长廊;画廊,美术馆

gallon n.加仑

gallop v./n.奔驰,飞跑

gamble n./v.投机,冒险;赌博

gang n.一帮,一群,一伙

gap n.间隙,缺口

garage n.车库,飞机库;修车厂

garbage n.垃圾

garment n.(一件)衣服

gaseous a.气体的,气态的

gasoline/gasolene n.汽油

gasp n.喘息,气喘v.喘息;气吁吁地说

gathering n.聚会,集会

gay a.快乐的,愉快的n.同性恋

gaze v./n.凝视,注视

gear n.齿轮,传动装置v.(to)调整,使适合

gene n.基因

in general 通常,大体上

generalize/generalise v.归纳,概括;推广,普及

generate v.产生,发生

generation n.产生,发生;一代(人)

generator n.发电机,发生器

generous a.宽宏大量的,慷慨的

genius n.天才

gentleman n.绅士,先生

genuine a.真正的,名副其实的

Words:27 Phrases:1 Total:28

Mr.Adams’s pictures about the Galaxy were shown in a famous gallery. He was a genius and he won his fame very early. And it was generous of him to contribute a lot of money every year. The lamps of the gallery were full of gaseous neon, which made the light colorful. The opening ceremony was the biggest gathering of the season. A galaxy of artists attended it. All of them wore in nice garments. At the same time, a gang of gays was on the way to the gallery. In general, there was a generation gap between the gays and their parents. Furthermore, some people regarded them as garbage. This hatred was generated by prejudice. In fact, one could not generalize a conclusion from a few facts. Studies showed that a person’s sex intention was decided by his or her genes. Fortunately, a new opinion was being generalized in this regard. That is, the ethics should be geared to the society’s needs. These men were gay at the thought of seeing the show when suddenly a gear of the generator was broken. They gambled to drive the car to the garage for repair before their gasoline had been used up. A worker fixed their car and added 2 gallons of fuel to their car by using a gauge. Soon, the car galloped along the road again like a horse. Twenty minutes later, they arrived at the gallery, gasping for breath. All of the people including Mr. Adams gazed at them with surprise. But as a genuine gentleman, he welcomed them sincerely.

亚当斯先生描绘银河系的画儿在一家著名的画廊展出。他是个天才,很早就赢得了名声。并且他每年都慷慨地捐赠许多钱。画廊的灯泡都充了气态的氖,这使得灯光五颜六色。开幕式是那个季度最盛大的集会。一群杰出的艺术家都来参加了。所有的人都穿着得体的衣服。与此同时,一伙同性恋正在来画廊的路上。通常,同性恋和他们的父母之间有着代沟。此外,一些人还把他们当作垃圾。这种仇恨产生于偏见。实际上,人们不能从一两件事情上就归纳出一个结论。研究指出,一个人的性取向取决于他或她的基因。幸运的是,关于这点,一个新的观念正在推广。那即是,道德伦理应该根据社会的需要而相应调整。这些人一想到能看展览就很快乐,突然发电机上的一个齿轮坏了。在汽油用光之前他们冒险驾驶着汽车到修车厂修理。一名工人修好了他们的车子,又用一个量表给车加了两加仑的汽油。很快,汽车像一匹马那样又在公路上奔驰起来。20分钟后,他们气喘吁吁地来到了画廊。所有的人包括亚当斯先生都惊奇地注视着他们。不过作为一个真正的绅士,他真诚地欢迎了他们。

G-2

geographic(al) a.地理(学)的

geography n.地理(学)

geology n.地质(学)

geometry n.几何(学)

germ n.微生物,细菌

gesture n.姿势,姿态,手势v.做手势

getacross 解释清楚,使人了解

getalong/on with 进展;相处融洽;生活,过活

getaround/round 走动,旅行;(消息)传开

getaround/round to 找时间做,开始考虑

getat 得到,接近;意思是

getaway 逃脱,离开

getby 通过,经过

getdown (从……)下来;写下

getdown to 开始,着手

getin 进入;收获,收集

getinto 进入,陷入

getoff (从…)下来;离开,动身,开始

getout of 逃避;改掉

getover 克服,(从病中)恢复过来

getthe better of 占上风,胜过

gettogether 集合,聚集

ghost n.鬼魂,幽灵

giant n.巨人口.巨大的

Words:8 Phrases:17 Total: 25

Theschool was said to be haunted by a giant ghost. A student did encounter it. The news got around quickly. Somebody did not see what the student got at, so he got down what he saw to get his encounter across. “That evening, after I got through my geometry examination, I got around to doing my geography homework. That was the duty I could not get out of. I got down to some geographical questions. However, I have more interest in geology. And I will get around to explore more places. Ok, I get back to the subject. My homework was getting along much better. Somebody called my name, and I saw a ghost getting in the classroom while gesturing at me! I got off the classroom as quickly as I could. It was surprising that the ghost moved aside to let me get by. I climbed to the top of a tree. The ghost could not get at me, so he waited. How on earth did I get into such a ridiculous situation? I knew I could not let the ghost get the better of me. If only I could get out of my timidness, I would feel better. I managed to get over my fear then got through to the police with my mobile phone. The police car came soon. The policemen got off the car. They got together under the tree. The ghost got away. Then I could get down from the tree. I went home. I got a cold that night. Colds are spread by germs. I got over my illness very slowly.”

G-3

gifted a.有天赋的

gigantic a.巨大的,庞大的

giveaway 泄露;分送

giveback 送还,恢复

givein 交上;投降,屈服

giveoff 放出,释放

giveoneself away 泄露,露马脚

giveoneself up 自首,投降,投案

giveout 分发;放出

giveup 停止,放弃

giveway to 给……让路,对……让步;被……代替

glance v.(at,over)扫视,n.匆匆看,一瞥,一眼

glare n./v.怒视,瞪眼;闪耀,闪光

glide n./v.溜,滑行?

glimpse n./v.一瞥,瞥见

glitter n.光辉,灿烂v.闪耀

global a.全球的,世界的

globe n.球体,地球仪;地球,世界

gloomy a.阴沉的,阴暗的

glorify v.赞美,颂扬

glorious a.壮丽的,辉煌的;光荣的

glory n.光荣,荣誉

glove n.手套

glow v.发热,发光,发红n.脸红,发热;光辉

glue n.胶,胶水v.胶合,粘贴

Words:16 Phrases:9 TotaI:25

Itwas winter morning. The rising sun looked liked an orange globe. It glittered in the gigantic sky. Its light glared on the ice. The skaters glided gracefully over the ice. Charles glorified the glorious scene. There was a glow of health in his face. He put on his gloves then went to work. Charles was a gifted technician. He was a glory of his profession. No one knew he was a business spy. He didn’t give himself away so far. The secretary gave out newspapers. He glanced at the headlines in it. Then he saw one of them, “It was criminal to give away business secrets!” Charles glared at the newspaper, feeling gloomy about his future. Though the air-conditioner gave off warm air, he felt cold. A glimpse of his face would tell you that he was worried. He gave back the newspaper to the secretary. Finally, Charles gave in. He gave up his criminal mind. His evilness gave way to his conscience. He made up his mind to give himself up. So he wrote a letter and then glued a stamp onto the envelope. Next, he sent it to the police.

冬天的清晨,升起的太阳像一个橘红的球体。它在庞大的空中闪耀。阳光在冰面上闪光。溜冰者们在冰面上优美地滑行。查尔斯赞美这壮丽的景色。他的脸因健康而发红。他戴上手套去上班。查尔斯是一个有天赋的技师。他是他那个行业的光荣。没人知道他是个商业间谍。他迄今没有露马脚。秘书分发报纸。他扫视了二下标题,看见了其中一条是:“泄露商业秘密是犯罪的!”查尔斯怒视着报纸,感到前途阴暗。虽然空调释放着热空气,他仍然感觉寒冷。你只要一瞥他的脸就明白他很担心。他将报纸送还给秘书。最终,查尔斯屈服了。他放弃了犯罪的念头。他的邪恶给他的良心让了路。他决定自首。于是他写了一封信并在信封上粘贴了一张邮票。接着,他寄给了警察局。

G-4

go after 追求

go ahead 开始,前进,领先

go along with 陪同前往,随行

go around/round 足够分配

go back on 违背

go by 过去

go for 竭力想取得,喜爱;支持;拥挤

go in for 从事,致力于;追求,沉迷于

go into 进入;研究,调查

go off 爆炸,发射;动身,离开

go out 外出;熄灭

go through 经历,经受;详细检查

go under 下沉,沉没;失败,破产

go with 伴随;与……协调

go without 没有……也行

golf n.高尔夫球

as good as 和……几乎一样,实际上等于

for good 永久地

good for 有效,适用,胜任

goodness n.善良,仁慈int.天哪

gossip n.流言蜚语;说长道短的人v.传播流言蜚语;说长道短

govern v.统治,管理;决定,支配

governor n.总督,州(省)长

grab v./n.(at)抓(住);夺(得)

grace n.优美,文雅;恩惠,恩泽

graceful a.优美的,文雅的

Words:8 Phrases:18 Total:26

Mr.Carson was a governor of M state. He went in for governing. He used to be a military officer. In a battle, a bomb went off just behind him but he survived. The state went for Democrats. Two years ago, the state went through a test. Schistosomiasis was popular in M state. A female doctor went deeply into it. She went through many documents then invented a kind of medicine that was good for it. She managed to go without others’ help. Somebody gossiped that she grabbed at the opportunity of becoming famous. But in fact she did it out of the goodness of her heart. There were enough medicines to go around. So schistosomiasis had been wiped out for good in M state. To appreciate the doctor, Mr. Carson visited her, and two assistants went along with him. He wore a new tie to go with his suit. The police examined their car and allowed them to go ahead. The doctor was a graceful woman. She went for classical music. Also, she went in for playing golf. She played golf as good as a professional. She even went for the golf championship that year. They talked and Mr. Carson knew something about her father. The doctor’s father had no head for business, and he went under. He had gone off to Edinburgh. The candle had gone out and Mr. Carson said goodbye to the doctor. But he had made his mind to go after her. He was not the sort of man who would go back on his word. Two years went by, and they married.

卡森先生是M州的州长。他致力于管理。他曾是一名军官。一场战斗中,一颗炮弹就在他身后爆炸而他幸存下来了。这个州拥护民主党。两年前,这个州经历了一场考验。血吸虫病在M州流行。一名女医生深入研究此病。她详细检查了许多文件然后发明了一种对此病有效的药。她没有别人的帮忙也行。一些人流言蜚语说她抓住了成名的机会。实际上她做此事是出自内心的善良。药品足够分配,于是血吸虫病在M州被永久消灭了。为了感谢医生,卡森先生拜访了她,两名助于随行。他戴了一条新领带与他的西服协调。警察检查了他们的车后允许他们前进。医生是名文雅的女士。她喜爱古典音乐。并且,她还沉迷于打高尔夫球。她打高尔夫打得和职业运动员几乎—样好。她甚至竭力想取得那年的高尔夫球赛的冠军。他们交谈起来,于是卡森先生知道了她父亲一些事情。医生的父亲没有商业头脑,他破产了。他动身去了爱丁堡。蜡烛熄灭了,卡森先生告辞。但他已经决定要追求她。他不是那种违背诺言的人。两年过去后,他们结婚了。

G-5

gracious a.亲切的,客气的;宽厚的,仁慈的

gradual a.逐渐的,逐步的

graduate n.(大学)毕业生,获(学士)学位者v.(使)(大学)毕业;获学位a.毕了业的;研究生的

grain n.谷物,谷类;颗粒,细粒

gram/gramme n.克

grammar n.语法,语法书

grammatical a.语法的

grand a.盛大的,豪华的;重大的,主要的

grant v.同意,准予;给予,授予n.授予物

take…for granted 想当然,认为理所当然

grape n.葡萄

graph n.图表,曲线图

grateful a.(to,for)感激的;感谢的

gratitude n.感激,感谢

grave n.坟墓a.严肃的,庄重的

gravity n.重力,引力;严肃,庄重

gray/grey a.灰色的n.灰色

grease n.动物脂,油脂,润滑脂v.抹油,润滑

greedy a.贪吃的,贪婪的;渴望的

Greek n.希腊人,希腊语a.希腊(人)的,希腊语的

Words:19 Phrases:1 Total:20

Davywas a Greek. He was a graduate of Athens University. He learned a lot of things in the university. For example, the grammar teacher stressed grammatical rules in each lesson. The physics teacher drew a graph to explain gravity. Davy made progress gradually. The commencement was held in the grand hall. That was the gravest occasion Davy had ever taken part in. Each graduate behaved with gravity at it. The gracious principal made a speech. His hair had turned gray, so he put grease on it to make it shiny. Davy was assigned to the countryside. He was granted many privileges to cultivate crops. At that time, corn was the most important grain in his village. But the greedy birds kept eating it. It seemed that they took it for granted. The peasants could not bear wasting a grain of rice. To solute the problem, Davy cultivated a new kind of corn which the birds disliked its taste. The peasants were grateful to him for what he did. To show their gratitude, they gave him a big basket of grapes. A girl gave him a gold necklace of ten grams to express her love. If Davy’s mother knew it from the grave, she would feel happy for him.

戴维是名希腊人。他是雅典大学的毕业生。他在学校里学了很多东西。比如语法老师每堂课都强调语法的规则,物理老师画图表来解释重力。戴维逐渐地取得进步。毕业典礼在豪华的大厅举行。这是戴维参加的最庄重的场合。每个毕业生都举止庄重。亲切的校长发表了演讲。他的头发已经变灰了,于是他在上面抹油让它闪亮。戴维被分配到乡下。他被给予许多特权来培育农作物。那时,玉米是他那个乡村最重要的谷物。但是贪婪的鸟儿老是吃它。看起来它们以为理所当然。农民们是无法容忍浪费一粒大米的。为了解决这个问题,戴维培育出了一种新型的不对鸟儿口味的玉米。农民们对他所做的事情非常感激。为了表达他们的感激,他们送给他一大篮子的葡萄。一个女孩还送给他一条10克重的金项链来表达爱意。如果戴维的母亲在坟墓里有知的话,她一定会为他感到高兴的。

G-6

greenhouse n.温室

greet v.致敬,敬意,迎接;扑(鼻),人(耳),触(目)

greeting n.问候,致敬

grieve v.使悲伤,使伤心

grind v.磨(碎),碾(碎)

grip v./n.紧握,抓紧

groan v./n.呻吟

grocer n.食品商,杂货商

grocery n.杂货店,杂货

gross a.总的,毛(重)的;粗鲁的,粗俗的n.总额

grown-up a.成长的,成熟的,成人的n.成年人

growth n.生长,增长,发展

guarantee n.保证,保证书v.保证,担保

on guard 警惕,防范

guidance n.引导,指导

guilty a.(of)有罪的,内疚的

gulf n.海湾

gum n.树胶;口香糖

gunpowder n.火药

guy n.家伙,伙计

gymnasium/gym n.体育馆,健身房

Words:20 Phrases:1 TotaI:21

Agrocer built up a greenhouse nearby a gulf. On the day the greenhouse was open to the public, the grocer greeted the guests at the door. The greeting to all the guests took more than half an hour. His wife ground coffee beans for the guests. The smell greeted every one. All of the guests spent a wonderful day. But that night, the greenhouse caught fire. The frightened wife gripped her husband’s arm. It grieved them to see the greenhouse burning into ashes. The couple groaned in pain. They should be certainly on guard. The gross of the damage was 50 thousand dollars. The next day, the arsonist was arrested at a gymnasium. He was a guy who chewed gum all the time. His language and behavior were gross. He exploded the gunpowder for fun but it caused the fire. The arsonist was only 14. He wasn’t grown-up. He needed some guidance in his growth, but his parents died years ago. Having known everything, the grocer gave up the prosecution. Instead of this, he wanted to adopt the boy! Then the boy felt guilty. He gave his guarantee that he would never do bad things again.

一名杂货商在一个海湾附近建造了一个温室。在温室对外开放的那天,杂货商在门口迎接客人。光是对所有客人的问候就花去了超过半小时的时间。他的妻子为客人磨碾咖啡豆,香气扑鼻。所有的客人度过了愉快的一天。但那天夜里,温室着火了。受惊吓的妻子抓紧丈夫的胳膊。看着温室烧成灰烬真使他们悲伤。这对夫妇痛苦地呻吟。他们早该防范一些的。损失的总额是5万美元。第二天,纵火犯在一家体育馆被逮捕了。他是一个整天嚼着口香糖的家伙。他的言行很粗鲁。他爆炸火药找乐子,却造成了大火。纵火犯才14岁。他还没有成人。他在成长过程中需要一些引导,但他的父母几年前就死了。知道一切后,杂货商放弃了起诉。取而代之的是,他愿意领养这个男孩!直到那刻男孩才感觉内疚了。他保证再也不做坏事了。

H-1

habitual a.惯常的,习惯的

hail v.下雹;欢呼,欢迎n.雹

haircut n.理发

halt n.止步,停步,停止前进v.(使)止步,(使)停止

ham n.火腿

hamburger n.汉堡包,牛肉饼

hammer n.铁锤,槌,榔头v.锤击,敲打

hamper v.妨碍,阻碍,牵制

athand 在手边,在附近;即将到来

byhand 用手

handdown 流传下来,传给,往下传

handin 交上,递交

handin hand 手拉着手,携手;结合起来,联合

handon 传下来,依次传递

handout 分发,散发,发给

handover 交出,移交,让与

inhand 在控制中;在进行中

onhand 在手边;临近

On(the) one hand…,on the other hand 一方面……,另一方面

handbook n.手册,指南

handful n.一把;少数;一小撮

handicap v.防碍,使不利n.(身体或智力方面的)缺陷;障碍,不利条件

handkerchief n.手帕

handle n.柄,把手,拉手v.处理,对待,操纵;触,摸,抚;

handout n.散发的文字材料;救济品

Words:13 Phrases:12 Total: 25

Mr.Arnold was a man who hewed to the line. He had his haircut once a month. He had his habitual breakfast, hamburger and ham sandwich every morning. That morning, it hailed heavily. Mr. Collins, a neighbor lived close at hand, asked his help. His daughter was boxed up in the forest. Mr. Arnold was hampered by a difficulty. He didn’t have his useful tools on hand expect a hammer made by hand. But the custom of helping each other had been handed down in that village. So he promised to handle the situation. On the one hand Mr. Arnold invited a handful of villagers, on the other hand he called the police. They would act hand in hand. Every villager handed in an application to express his determination. The villagers handed on the girl’s photographs. Mr. Arnold handed out the handbooks to everyone. He asked them to read the handout carefully. The police came and Mr. Arnold handed over command of the action. Then they set out. From time to time, they halted for a rest because Mr. Collins was handicapped by his eyesight. They had the situation well in hand. An hour later, they found the girl’s handkerchief. The success was on hand. They soon found her! The whole village hailed the returning heroes! Christmas was at hand, the girl recovered. She brought a handful flowers to Mr. Arnold.

阿诺德先生是个循规蹈矩的人。他每个月理发一次。他每天早上都是惯常的早餐,汉堡包和火腿三明治。那天早上,冰雹下得厉害。柯林斯先生,一个住在附近的邻居来向他请求帮助。他的女儿被困在森林里了。阿诺德先生被一个困难阻碍:他有用的工具没在手边;惟一的工具是把手工制作的铁锤。但互相帮助的传统在那个乡村是流传下来的。于是他许诺处理这事。一方面,阿诺德先生请了少数村民帮忙,另一方面他报了警。他们将携手联合行动。每个村民都递交了一份志愿书表明他的决心。村民们依次传递女孩的照片。阿诺德先生分发手册给每个人。他吩咐他们认真阅读散发的文字材料。警察赶到后阿诺德先生移交了行动指挥权。然后他们出发。不时地,他们要止步休息一会儿,因为柯林斯先生的视力妨碍了他。局势在控制中。一小时后,他们找到了女孩的手帕。成功临近了。然后他们很快找到了她!整个乡村都欢呼英雄归来!圣诞节即将到来,女孩康复了。她给阿诺德先生带来一把花。

H-2

handy a.手边的,近便的;方便的

hang about 闲荡,徘徊,逗留

hang back 犹豫,踌躇,畏缩

hang on 抓紧不放;继续下去;等一下

hang onto 紧握住;坚持下去

harbor/harbour n.港口,海港;避难所,藏身处V.隐匿,窝藏,包庇

harden v.(使)变硬

hardly any 几乎没有,几乎什么也不

hardly…when/before 刚一……就……

hardship n.艰难,困苦

hardware n.五金,金属制品;硬件

hare n.野兔

harm n./v.伤害,损害,危害

harmful a.(to)有害的

harmony n.协调,和谐;融洽

harness v.治理,利用

harvest n.收获,收成;成果,后果v.收获,收割

haste n.匆忙,急速;草率v.赶快;匆忙

in haste 急忙地;草率地

hasten v.赶快;催促

hasty a.匆忙的,仓促的;草率的

hatch v.孵,孵出;策划,图谋n.舱口,小门

hateful a.可恨的

hatred n.憎恨,憎恶,怨恨

haul v.拖曳,拖运,用力拖

Words:19 Phrases:7 Total:26

Jacobloved his wife very much. His tastes were in harmony with hers, which brought them into harmony. They ran a hardware store weekdays. On weekends, they hatched chickens or went hunting for hares. The harvest of crops was bad that year because of the flood. The government ordered to harness the fiver. Many men including Jamb volunteered to help. They stayed on the riverbank day and night. Their homes were quite handy, but everyone hung on to their work. Hardly anybody left his post. Two month later, Jacob hardly finished his work when he hastened home. But he was shocked to see that his wife was with an escaped criminal! “Harboring criminals is an offence in law!” Jacob said to his wife. She looked at him with hatred, “I want to divorce you.” He said to his wife, “It is harmful for you to make a hasty decision. I will give you some more time.” He left home in haste. Jacob found a job on a harbor. He hauled the fish into the boat everyday. It was a hateful job. But a strong man would bear hardship without complaining. Life on a boat had hardened him. At night, Jamb hung about at the harbor. There was a handy place for the telephone. He wanted to call his wife, but always hung back. One night, he did call. A man answered the phone, “Hang on, she is coming. Darling, your call.” Jacob hung up the phone. His heart was broken.

H-3

haveback 要回,收回

haveon 穿着,戴着

haveto/have got to 不得不,必须

haveto do with 与……有关

hawk n.鹰,隼

hay n.干草

hazard n.危险,冒险,危害v.冒险,拼命

headfor 驶向,走向

headon 迎头,迎面

keepone’s head 保持镇静

loseone’s head 不知所措

heading n.标题

headline n.大字标题

headquarters n.司令部,指挥部;总部,总局

heal v.治愈,愈合

healthy a.健康的,健壮的;有益健康的,卫生的

heap n.(一)堆;大量,许多v.(up)堆,堆起

hearing n.听,倾听;听力;审讯

atheart 在内心;实质上

byheart 牢记;凭记忆

get/learnby heart 记住,背诵

heartand soul 全心全意

loseheart 丧失勇气,失去信心

hearty a.衷心的,热忱的;丰盛的

heaven n.天,天空;天堂;[H-]上帝,神

hedge n.篱笆,树篱;障碍物v.用树篱围住

heel n.脚后跟,踵,鞋跟

Words:14 Phrases:13 Total:27

Onemorning, I cast a glance at the headlines of the newspaper. And a heading attracted my attention, A Hero! Last Sunday, the headquarters of the Fire Department received a call from a village. A heap of hay caught fire! The firemen had their uniforms on then headed for the village. Every fireman must get the rules by heart. One of the rules was to serve the people heart and soul. Victor remembered this by heart. His manners were rough, but he was a kind man at heart. A couple had lost their heads, “Good Heavens! Our daughter was in the room! Oh, if she had died, may her soul rest in heaven!” Victors hearing was as good as a hawk, so he heard this. The fire burned head on. But Victor was a man who never lost heart. He kept his head in any case. The couple saw him rush into the fire! Victor hazarded his life to save the child. But when he got acrossthe hedge, he hurt his heel. After this action, Victor had gotten to stay at home for a period of time. When he was healthy again, the couple invited him to a dinner. They gave him a hearty welcome. And they had a hearty meal together.

H-4

heighten v.提高,升高

helicopter n.直升(飞)机

heir n.继承人

helmet n.头盔,钢盔

can’t/couldn’t help 禁不住;不得不

hemisphere n.半球

hence ad.从此,今后;因此

hence forth ad.今后

herd n.群;兽群,牛群v.放牧,群集

heritage n.遗产,继承物;传统

heroic a.英雄的,英勇的

heroin n.海洛因

heroine n.女英雄;女主角

hesitate v.犹豫,踌躇;含糊,支吾

hesitation n.犹豫,踌躇

hierarchy n.等级制度;统治集团,领导层

highland n.高地,高原

highlight v.使显著,使突出;强调n.最精彩的部分,最重要的事件

highway n.公路,大路

hijack/highjack v.劫持

hillside n.(小山)山腰,山坡

hind a.后部的

hinder v.(from)阻止,妨碍

hinge n.合页,绞链

hint n.暗示,提示,线索v.暗示,示意

Words:24 Phrases:1 Total:25

Fredwas the only heir of his father’s heritage. A herd of buffaloes was a part of it. There was a strict hierarchy in his family. Only sons could be heirs. Some gangsters kidnapped Fred. His life had been hell since. They even forced him to take heroin. The gangsters hijacked a helicopter. They planned to fly to a highland in the Western Hemisphere. The police sent a team to stop them, They drove motorcycles on the highway to chase the helicopter, All of the policemen wore helmets to protect themselves. The chase was the highlight of the whole event. A policewoman shot at the helicopter. The hind wheel of it was shot down. And its door was off the hinges. That hindered the helicopter from heightening further. The gangsters had to land. And the police captured them successfully. The sad gangsters said that they would not do it henceforth. Saving the hostage’s life was a heroic act. The policewoman was a heroine in Fred s eyes. He could not help falling in love with her. Both of them sat on a grassy hillside, Fred hesitated to speak. His hesitation nearly cost him the chance. Finally, he slowed down to highlight his point, “We have no chance to meet each other hence, But I’d like to see you every day.” There was a subtle hint in his words. The policewoman smiled. She agreed to see him again without hesitation.

弗雷德是他父亲遗产的惟一继承人。一群水牛是遗产的一部分。他的家庭等级制度严格。只有儿子才能成为继承人。一些绑匪绑架了弗雷德。自那刻起,他仿佛生活在地狱一般。他们甚至强迫他吸食海洛因。绑匪劫持了一架直升飞机。他们计划飞往西半球一座高原。警方派出一支队伍去阻止他们。他们驾驶着摩托车在公路上追赶直升飞机。所有的警察都戴着头盔保护自己。追赶这段是整个事件最精彩的部分。一名女警察向直升飞机射击。它的后轮被击落,而且它的门也跟合页脱开了。这阻止了直升飞机继续升高。绑匪不得不降落。警方顺利地抓获了他们。沮丧的绑匪说他们今后再也不干这种事了。救出人质是件英勇的事迹。女警察成了弗雷德眼里的女英雄。他禁不住爱上了她。两人坐在绿草青青的山坡上。弗雷德犹豫看不知如何说是好。他的犹豫险些让他错过机会。最后,他放缓速度来使他的用意突出:“我们今后没有见面的机会了。但我想每天都见到你。”他的话里有微妙的暗示。女警察笑了。她没有犹豫就同意和他再次见面。

H-5

historian n.历史学家

historic a.有历史意义的;历史的

historical a.历史的;有关历史的

hitherto ad.到目前为止,迄今

hobby n.业余爱好,嗜好,兴趣

hoist v.举起,升起,吊起

holdback 踌躇,退缩;阻止,抑制

holdon 继续;握住不放

holdon to 紧紧抓住,支持,坚持

holdout 维持,支持;坚持;不屈服

holdup 举起,承载;阻挡,使停止;抢劫,拦截

holder n.持有者,占有者;(台、架等)支持物

hollow a.空的,中空的;空洞的,空虚的v.挖空,凿空

holy a.神圣的,圣洁的

homeand abroad 国内外

homogeneous a.同种类的,同性质的,有相同特性的

honesty n.诚实,正直,老实

honey n.蜜,蜂蜜

inhonor of 为纪念,向……表示敬意

onone’s honor 以…名誉担保

hook n.钩,吊钩,钩状物v.钩住

horizon n.地平线;眼界,见识

horizontal a.地平线的;水平的

horn n.(牛、羊等的)角,触角;号,喇叭;角状物;角制品

horrible a.令人恐怖的,可怕的;极讨厌的,使人不愉快

horror n.恐怖,战栗

Words:18 Phrases:8 Total: 26

Anhonorable historian studied historical events and people. His book opened up new horizons for people. His hobby was to collect homogeneous animals’ horns home and abroad. The horns were holy to him. November 20, 1978 was a historic day for the historian. He got married and began his honeymoon on the sea. The weather forecast said horrible weather was coming. His wife was filled with horror at the news. But the historian made his choice and he would hold on to the end. When danger came, he would not hold back. He was on his honor to ensure her safety. She was sure of his honesty. So the sailors hoisted the flags and set sail. From the third day, it rained. The rain held on. The ship held out against strong wind and big waves. The food supplies held out for a week. The voyage had been held up by the horrible weather. Three days later, the sun appeared above the horizon. The historian drew a horizontal line on the date to remember it. His wife caught fish with fishhooks for fun. The next adventure they took was to go across the African jungle. But the thieves held up their truck and took everything in it. Only a hollow lamp holder was left. The searching team did not find the couple. Whether they were alive or not, this was a riddle hitherto unknown. That year, the country set up a holiday in honor of the historian.

一名可敬的历史学家研究有关历史的事迹和人物。他的书打开了人们的眼界。他的爱好是收集国内外同种类的动物的角。那些角对他而言很神圣。1978年的11月20日对这名历史学家来说有历史意义。他结婚了并开始了他的海上蜜月旅行。天气预报说可怕的天气即将到来。他的妻子听到消息后心里充满了恐怖。但历史学家做了选择就一定坚持到底。当危险来临时,他不会退缩。他以名誉担保她的安全。她信任他的诚实。于是海员升起船旗出发了。从第三天开始,天下雨了。雨儿继续下着。船在大风大浪中坚持着。食物只能维持一周。航程被可怕的天气阻挡了。三天后,太阳出现在地平线上。历史学家在日期上画了一条水平线来记住这天。他的妻子用鱼钩捕鱼采娱乐。他们接下来的历险是穿越非洲丛林。但窃贼们抢劫了他们的卡车并抢走了所有的东西,只有一个中空的灯的支持物(灯座)留下来。搜查队没有找到那对夫妇。他们是生是死,迄今还是一个谜。那年,为纪念这名历史学家,那个国家设立了一个节日。

H-6

horsepower n.马力

hose n.水龙带,软管v.用软管淋浇(或冲洗)

hospitality n.好客,殷勤,款待

host n.主人;旅店老板;节目主持人;一大群,许多

hostage n.人质

hostess n.女主人,女主持人

hostile a.敌对的,敌意的;敌方的

keephouse 管理家务,做家务

household n.户,家庭,全家人a.家庭的

hug v./n.热烈拥抱,紧抱

humanity n.人类,人性,人情;[pl.]人文科学

hmnble a.谦卑的,恭/顷的;低下的,卑贱的v.降低,贬抑

humid a.湿的,湿气重的

humidity n.湿气,湿度

humor/humour n.幽默,诙谐

humorous a.幽默的,诙谐的.

hunger after 渴望

hunger for 渴望

hurry up (使)赶快,迅速完成

in a hurry 匆忙地,急于

hut n.小屋,棚屋

hydrogen n.氢

hypothesis n.假说,假设,前提

hysterical a.情绪异常激动的,歇斯底里的

Words:19 Phrases:5 Total: 24

Mr.Dewey and Mrs. Dewey had a small hut. They were a couple of nice humanity. The host was humorous. He had a great sense of humor. The hostess was humble. She kept house well. Every morning, she hosed the flowers in the garden. They had a dog named horsepower. The whole household worked very hard. Their hospitality left all of the guests a very good impression. It was humid that evening. The hut was not comfortable because of the high humidity. Mr. Dewey hungered after a cup of hot coffee and Mrs. Dewey had a hunger for a sunny day. Just then, three strangers came in. Horsepower was hostile to them. Mr. Dewey made three hypotheses, but only proved ,one. That is, they were bandits! The bandits kept them as hostages. They frightened the couple saying that they had a hydrogen bomb! Mrs. Dewey cried hysterically. Horsepower rushed out of the hut. Mr. Dewey wished the police would hurry up and come. With the help of the dog, the police did. come in a hurry! They saved the couple. Mr. Dewey hugged his wife. They would never forget, that night!

杜威先生和杜威太太有一个小棚屋。他们是一对人性善良的夫妇。主人是幽默的,他有很强的幽默感。女主人很谦卑。她做家务做得很好。每天早上,她都用软管给花园里的花浇水。他们有一只狗叫“马力”。全家人工作都很努力。他们的好客给所有客人留下很好的印象。那天晚上湿气重。棚屋因为很大的湿气而让人很不舒服。杜威先生渴望有一杯热咖啡,而杜威夫人渴望有一个晴天。正在那时,三个陌生人进屋了。马力对他们很有敌意。杜威先生做了三个假设,但仅证实了一个。即是,他们是强盗!强盗们把他们扣为人质。他们恐吓这对夫妇说他们有氢弹!杜威太太歇斯底里地大叫起来。马力冲出了棚屋。杜威先生希望警察赶快来。在小狗的帮助下,警察的确匆忙赶来了!他们救出了杜威夫妇。杜威先生紧抱住妻子。他们永远也忘不了今夜!

I-1

ice-cream n.冰淇淋

icy a.冰的;冰冷的;结冰的,多冰的

ideal a.理想的,完美的;空想的;理想主义的,唯心的;n.理想

identical a.(to,with)同一的,同样的

identification n.识别,鉴别

identify v.识别,鉴别;(with)把……和……看成一样,打成一片

idiom n.习语

idle a.空闲的,闲置的;无用的,无效的;懒散的v.空费,虚度

i.e. 也就是,即

if only 要是……多好;要是,只要

ignite v.点火,引燃

ignorance n.无知,愚昧;不知道

ignorant a.无知的,愚昧的;不知道的

ignore v.不理,不顾,忽视

illegal a.不合法的,非法的

illiterate a.文盲的,未受教育的

illuminate v.照亮,照明

illustrate v.举例说明,阐明;图解,加插图

illustration n.说明,例证;图解

image n.形象;肖像,影像,映像

imaginary a.想像的,虚构的

imagination n.想像,空想,想像力

imaginative a.富有想象力的,爱想象的

imitate v.模仿,仿效;仿造,伪造

imitation n.模仿,仿效;仿造,仿造品

immediate a.立即的,即时的;直接的,最接近的

Words:25 Phrases:1 Total:26

Josephand his mother lived in a house built in imitation of a Roman Villa. His appearance was identical to his mother, Anyone could identify that he was her son. The identification was quite easy. It would be ideal if only Joseph was not a deaf mute. He was an illiterate child, i.e. he was ignorant. It seemed that the boy liked to idle away his time. He often ate icy ice-cream for an hour! It was illegal to discriminate against disabled people. But such things happened everyday. Joseph’s mother ignored others’ scoffing. In her eyes, Joseph was a boy of rich imagination. She gave us an illustration. Joseph liked books full of illustrations. Though all the characters in the books were imaginary, he liked them so much. He even could imitate them perfectly. One night, Joseph’s mother was woken up by her son. Joseph approached a firework to ignite it. The firework illuminated the night sky. Then, Joseph gave his mother a picture. It was her image! He drew it for her! Oh, you can imagine how surprised his mother was. She hugged her son immediately. You would not believe it, but it was true that Joseph became an imaginative artist later.

约瑟夫和他的。母亲住在一所.仿效罗马别墅的房子里。他的面容和母亲是同样的。任何人都可以识别他是她的儿子。这种识别很容易。要是约瑟夫不是聋哑人就完美了。他是个未受教育的孩子,也就是说他是无知的。看起来这个男孩喜欢虚度时光。他常常吃个冰冷的冰淇淋就花去一个小时!歧视残疾人是不合法的。但这样的事情每天都在发生。约瑟夫的母亲根本不理别人的嘲笑。在她的眼中,约瑟夫是个有着丰富想像力的男孩。她给我们例证。约瑟夫喜欢有许多图解的书。虽然书中的人物都是虚构的,他还是非常喜欢他们。他甚至能惟妙惟肖地模仿他们。一天夜里,约瑟夫的母亲被儿子弄醒了。约瑟夫靠近一个烟花去引燃它。烟花照亮了夜空。接着,约瑟夫送给母亲一幅画。是她的肖像!他为她画的!哦,你可以想像他的母亲是多么惊讶。她立刻紧紧抱住她的儿子。你可能不相信,但这是真的——约瑟夫后来成为了一名富有想像力的美术家!

I-2

immense a.广大的,巨大的

immerse v.使沉浸在;使侵没

immigrant a.(从国外)移来的,移民的n.移民,侨

immune a.免疫的,有免疫力的;不受影响的;免除的,豁免的

impact n./v.冲击,碰撞;作用,影响

impair v.损害,损伤,削弱;减少

impartial a.(in,to)公正的,无偏见的

impatient a.不耐烦的,急躁的

imperialism n.帝国主义

impetus n.推动(力),促进

implement n.[常pl.]工具,器具v.贯彻,实现

implication n.含意,暗示

implicit a.不言明的,含蓄的;(in)固有的;无疑问的;无保留的

imply v.意指,含……意思,暗示

import v.进口,输入 n.进口,输入;[pl.]进口商品,进口物资;要旨,含意

importance n.重要,重要性

important a.重要的,重大的;有地位的,有权力的

impose v.征(税);(on)把……强加给

impossible a.不可能的,办不到的

impress v.(on)印,盖印;留下印象,引人注目n.印记

impression n.印象,感想;盖印,压痕

impressive a.给人深刻印象的,感人的

imprison v.关押,监禁

improper a.不适当的,不合适的,不正确的,不合礼仪的

improveon 改进

improvement n.改进,进步,增进;改进措施

impulse v.推动n.推动;冲动,刺激

on(an/the)impulse (of…) 凭(……的)冲动

Words:26 Phrases:2 Total:28

Inthe 1950s, many immigrants from other countries came to this country. They immersed themselves in work. This caused a notable impact on the local economy. The impact impaired the power of the imperialistic country. The newspapers became impatient at first. It incited the government to impose tax on all of the immigrants. None of them would be immune. It also said that some immigrants should be imprisoned because they had seized an immense amount of money from the local people. The implication of its statement was to give the immigrants an implicit threat. The immigrants seemed to be immune to the threat. Comparing the threat to a kind of disease, they were immune to it. But silence didn’t imply consent. The President recognized the importance to improve on the relationship between the two sides. He was a person who was rather impartial. So the people had implicit trust in him. He said, “We cannot do improper things on an impulse. It is impossible to impose our wishes on somebody else. The government is implementing a new policy to help the unemployed. Next we will import more scientific implements to improve our work efficiency.” The impressive speech by the President gave the people an impetus to reunite the country.

20世纪50年代,许多来自别国的移民到了这个国家。他们沉浸在工作当中。这给当地的经济造成了显著的冲击。这种冲击削弱了这个帝国主义国家的实力。报纸首先不耐烦了。它怂恿政府向所有移民征税,一个也不能豁免。它还说一些移民应该给监禁起来,因为他们从当地人手中掠夺了巨大的钱财。这项申明的含意是要给移民一个不言明的恐吓。移民们好像对这种恐吓不受影响。如果把这种恐吓比作一种病毒的话,他们对它免疫。但沉默不意指默认。总统意识到改进双方关系的重要性。他是一个相当公正的人。人民对他有无疑问的信任。他说:“我们不能凭冲动而做不适当的事情。把我们的意愿强加给别人是不可能的。政府正贯彻一项新的政策采帮助失业者。接着我们还将进口更多的科技工具来改进我们的工作效率。”他那让人印象深刻的演讲给了人们推动力,使国家重新团结在一起。

I-3

impurity n.不洁,不纯;杂质

inaccessible a.(to)达不到的

inadequate a.(for,to)不充足的,不适当的

incapable a.(of)无能力的,不会的

incidence n.发生(率)

incident n.事件,事变

incidentally ad.附带地,顺便提及

incline v.(使)倾斜,(使)偏向;(使)倾向于n.斜坡,斜面

include v.包括,包含,计入

inclusive a.(of)包括的,包含的;范围广的

income n.收入,收益,所得

incorporate v.合并,纳入,结合a:合并的

increase v./n.增加,增长,增进

increasingly ad.不断增加地,日益

incredible a.不可相信的,惊人的,不可思议的

incur v.招致,惹起,遭受

indeed ad.确实,实在;真正地,多么

independence n.独立,自主

independent a.(of)独立的,自主的

index n.([pl.]indexes,indices)索引;指标,标志;指数;v.附以索引,编入索引

indicate v.指出,指示;表明,暗示

indication n.指出,指示;迹象,暗示

indicative a.(of)指示的,暗示的

indifferent a.冷淡的,不关心的,不积极的

indignant a.愤慨的,愤愤不平的

indignation n. 愤怒,愤慨

indispensable a.(to,for)必不可少的,必需的

individual a.个人的,单独的;独特的,n.个人,个体

indoors ad.在室内;往室内

Words:29 Phrases:0 Total:29

Lastyear, Mr. Hardy’s factory incorporated with a chemical plant. The workers’ job was to remove impurities from the silver. Mr. Hardy’s income had increased 200 % over the last year. Incidentally, it didn’t include his new house. That was incredible. His high cost of living index incurred a prosecutor’s suspicion. What was the incidence of the tax? Why was Mr. Hardy’s office inaccessible to anyone else? His investigation was indicative of his interest in this problem. And his independent thinking helped him to find the truth. The index to the factory’s accounts indicated that Mr. Hardy defalcated. The workers were inclined to believe him innocent. But the fact became increasingly apparent. Mr. Hardy was a grafter indeed. Mr. Hardy was totally incapable. He did not fulfill his individual responsibility at all. An indispensable trial was held. There were fifty people present, inclusive of some workers. Mr. Hardy’s explanation was inadequate. His manner was very indifferent. The workers were indignant. To their indignation, he had cheated them. After the trial, Mr. Hardy stayed indoors for a whole afternoon. Then he drove his car out. The road he took had a deep incline. His car rolled over then exploded. The incident remained very clearly in the witnesses’ minds.

去年,哈迪先生的工厂与一家化工厂合并了。工人们的工作是去掉银金属里的杂质。哈迪先生的收入去年增加了200%。顺便提及,这还不包括他的一幢新房。那是不可思议的。他的高生活消费指数招致了一名检察官的怀疑;税收发生在谁身上?为什么哈迪先生的办公室其他任何人都达不到?他的调查暗示了他在这个问题上的兴趣。而他的独立思考帮助他找到事情真相。工厂账目的索引表明哈迪先生贪污。工人们倾向于相信他是无辜的。但事实日益明显。哈迪先生实际上是个贪污犯。作为一个董事来说,哈迪先生完全无能。他根本没有履行他个人的职责。必不可少的审讯举行了。有50人在场,包括一些工人在内。哈迪先生的解释很不充足。他的态度又非常冷淡。工人们很愤慨。让他们愤慨的是他欺骗了他们。审讯之后,哈迪先生在室内待了整整一个下午。然后他开车出去了。他走的那条路有一个很陡的斜坡。他的车子翻转然后爆炸了。这场事故深深印在目击者的脑海里。

I-4

induce v.引诱,劝使;引起,导致;感应

induction n.感应,感应现象

industrial a.工业的,产业的

industrialize v.(使)工业化

industrious a.勤勉的,勤奋的

industry n.工业,产业;勤劳,勤奋

inertia n.不活动,惰性;惯性

inevitable a.不可避免的,必然发生的

infant n.婴儿,幼儿

infectious a.传染的,传染性的;有感染力的

infer v.推论,推断

inferior a.(to)下等的,下级的;差的,次的n.下级,晚辈

infinite a.无限的,无穷的n.无限

infinity n.无限,无穷;大量

inflation n.通货膨胀

influence n.(on)影响,感化;势力,权势v.影响,感化

influential a.有影响的;有权势的

inform v.(of,about)通知,告诉,报告;告发,告密

information n.通知,报告;情报,资料,消息,信息

infrared a./n.红外线(的)

ingenious a.机灵的;有独创性的;精制的

ingredient n.组成部分,成分

inhabit v.居住,栖息

inhabitant n.居民,住户

inherent a.固有的,内在的,天生的

inherit v.继承

initial a.最初的,开头的;词首的n.词首大写字母

Words:27 Phrases:0 Total:27

Thiscountry was an industrial country. The industry was beginning its initial prosperity. The western city was a highly industrialized area. Mr. Spencer worked in a factory there. Because he believed success came from industry, he was very industrious. He had an inherent interest in induced current and in the induction field. Mr. Spencer developed an infrared medical tool. He inferred from the market survey that it had great market value. Mr. Spencer informed his boss of the important information. His boss was rather influential in the government circles. Though the boss worried the inevitable inflation could influence the factory, he encouraged his inferiors to produce the new product. Even though hard work induced tiredness; Mr. Spencer had no feeling of inertia. No one could induce him to leave his office except his son, a lovely infant, Mr. Spencer researched the ingredients of the infant’s food. He kept his son from the infectious flu. He taught him the initial letter of the word “London” was L. Teaching infants took infinite patience. Fortunately, his son inherited the father’s’ ingenious mind. Sometimes they drove out to a hill. The car would move faster and faster down the hill because of inertia. And the boy often broke into an infectious laugh. The family lived a district thickly inhabited. The inhabitants there all liked this little boy.

这个国家是一个工业国家。工业开始了它最初的繁荣。西城区是高度工业化的地区。斯宾森先生在那儿的一家工厂工作。因为他相信成功来自勤奋,他是非常勤奋的。他对感应电流和感应电场有着内在的兴趣。斯宾森先生研制了一种红外线医疗工具。他从市场调查推断它具有很高的市场价值。斯宾森先生向老板报告了这个重要的信息。他的老板在政界还是颇有影响的。虽然老板担心不可避免的通货膨胀可能会影响工厂,他还是鼓励下属生产这项新产品。即使辛苦的工作会导致疲劳,斯宾森先生没有任何惰性的感觉。没人能劝使他离开办公室,除了他的儿子,一个可爱的幼儿。斯宾森先生研究幼儿食品的成分。他不让儿子得传染性流感。他教儿子“伦敦”的词首的字母是L。教育孩子需要无限的耐心。幸亏他的儿子继承了父亲机灵的思维。有时他们开车去一座小山。车子下山时会因为惯性而越来越快。于是男孩就会爆发出有感染力的大笑。这个家庭住在一个人口居住稠密的地区。那里的居民都很喜欢这个小男孩。

I-5

initiate v.开始,发动

initiative a.创始的,起始的n.第一步,创始,主动精神

inject v.注射,注入

injure v.损害,损伤,伤害

injury n.损伤,损害,毁坏

inland a./ad.国内,内地,内陆

inlet n.水湾,小湾;进口,人口

inn n.小旅馆,客栈

inner a.内部的,里面的;内心的

innocent a.(of)清白,无罪的;无害的;天真的,单纯的,无知的

innovation n.革新,改革

innumerable a.无数的,数不清的

input n./v.输入

inquire/enquire v.(of,about)询问,打听;调查,查问

inquiry/enquiry n.询问,打听,调查

insect n.昆虫

insert v.插入,嵌入

insight n.洞察力,见识

insist v.(on)坚决要求,坚决主张,坚持

inspect v.检查,调查,视察

inspector n.检查员,监察员,视察者

inspiration n.灵感,鼓舞,激励

inspire v.鼓舞,激起;使产生灵感

instability n.不稳定(性)

install/instal v.安装,设置

installation n.安装,设置;装置,设备

Words:26 Phrases:0 Total:26

Anincident happened in an inland town. An innocent child died oddly in an inn. His mother was injured badly too. A doctor injected the drug into her arm to help her calm down. Since no other people were present, the mother was suspected. The suspicion was a severe injury to her heart. Losing the son caused instability of her mood. An inspector was sent to inspect it. He was a man of deep insight. He inquired the way of a local person. Upon inquiry, he learnt that the inn was near an inlet. The police had blocked the inlet to the inn. A policeman took the inspector to an inner room. He inserted the key into the lock then opened it. The inspector saw the woman. She insisted on her innocence. The inspector’s inner feelings told him that she was innocent. The woman said that on that night they were sleeping when innumerable insects flew into the room. Then she lost her consciousness. The inspector inputted the information of the insects into a computer. He found out that the insect was the killer! It was a kind of poisonous insect. To avoid more tragedies, the inspector initiated an innovation. He was the initiative person of the innovation. His wife was a constant inspiration to him. Inspired by the lamp, the inspector installed an electrical installation to attract that kind of insect. Once it touched the installation, it would die.

一个事情发生在内陆的一个小镇。一名天真的孩子在一个客栈蹊跷地死了。他的母亲也受到严重损伤。一名医生在她的手臂上注射药物帮助她镇静。因为没有其他人在现场,这位母亲受到怀疑。这种怀疑对她心灵是严重的伤害。失去儿子造成了她情绪不稳定。一名检查员被派去调查此事。他是一个很有洞察力的人。他向当地人询问道路。在询问之后,他知道了客栈在一个水湾附近。警方已经封锁了客栈的入口。一名警察带检查员去了一个里面的房间。他插入钥匙打开了门。检查员看见了那名妇女。她坚持她的清白。检查员内心的感觉告诉他她是无罪的。妇女说,那天晚上他们在睡觉时有无数的昆虫飞进房间,然后她失去了知觉。检查员把昆虫的信息输入电脑。他弄清了昆虫是真凶!它是一种有毒的昆虫。为了避免更多的悲剧,检查员发动了一项革新。他是这项革新的创始人。他的妻子一直鼓舞他。在电灯给予的灵感下,检查员安装了一种电子设备来吸引那种昆虫。一旦它碰到装置就会毙命。

I-6

instance n.例子,事例,例证

forinstance 例如,举例说

instant a.立即的,直接的;紧迫的;(食品)速溶的,方便的n.瞬间,时刻

instantaneous a.瞬间的,即刻的

instantly ad.立即,即刻

insteadof 代替,而不是;不是……(而是)

instinct n.本能,直觉,天性

institute n.学会,研究所,学院z/.设立,设置,制定

institution n.公共机构,协会,学校;制度,惯例

instruct v.教,教授;命令,指示

instruction n.教授;指导,指示;[pl.]用法说明(书),操作指南

instructor n.指导者,教员

instrument n.工具,仪器,器械;乐器

insufficient a.(for,of)不足的,不够的

insulate v.隔离,孤立;使绝缘,使绝热

insulator n.绝缘体,绝缘子

insult v./n.侮辱,凌辱

insurance n.保险,保险费,保险业

insure v.保险,给……保险;保证

intact a.完整无缺的,未经触动的,未受损伤的

integral a.构成整体所必需的;完整的

integrate v.(into,with)(使)成为一体,(使)结合在一起,(使)合并

integrity n.正直,诚实;完整,完全

intellectual n.知识分子

intelligence n.智力,聪明,理解力;情报,消息,报道

intelligent a.聪明的,明智的

intend v.想要,打算,企图

Words:25 Phrases:2 Total:27

Mr.Edwards worked as an instructor in a medical institute. As a scientific institution, the institutions there were strict. The integrity and high intelligence were integral parts of a good intellectual. Mr. Edwards never insulted his students. Instead of, he treated them as friends. He taught the students how to integrate theory with practice. For instance, rubber was used to insulate electrical wires. He taught the students to make the insulator. His method of instruction was most suitable. Since the medical instruments were insufficient, the institute imported some. All the goods were received in- tact. The instructions were in the boxes. Mr. Edwards’s class got a new instrument. Mr. Edwards was drinking a cup of instant coffee at that time. Hearing of this, he came back to the classroom instantly. Then he saw a student was going to touch a red button on the instrument. Mr. Edwards acted on instinct to run towards him. He intended to stop the student. But it was too late. The instrument exploded. Mr. Edwards made an instantaneous decision. He covered the student with his own body. After the explosion, the instrument was still there, but not in its integrity. Furthermore, Mr. Edwards was injured. The insurance company insured him. Mr. Edwards was insulated because of his sickness. All the students missed him.

爱德华兹先生在一所医疗学院任教员。作为一个科研机构,那儿的制度很严格。正直、高智力是构成一名好的知识分子整体所必需的元素。爱德华兹先生从来不侮辱他的学生。代替而之的,他待他们如朋友一般勺他教学生如何理论结合实际。举例说,橡胶用来使电线绝缘。他教学生们做绝缘体。他的教授方法非常适用。因为医疗器械不够,学院就进口了一些。所有的货物完整无缺地到达厂。说明书在盒子里。爱德华兹先生的班级得到了一件新仪器。那时爱德华兹先生正在喝一杯速溶咖啡。听到此事,他即刻回到教室。他看见一个学生正要触碰仪器上面的一个红色按钮。爱德华兹先生本能地反应冲向他。他意图阻止那个学生,但已经迟了。仪器爆炸起来。爱德华兹先生做了个瞬间的决定。,他用自己的身体掩护住了那个学生。爆炸之后,仪器仍在,但不复完整。此外,爱德华兹先生也受伤了。保险公司给他实行了保险赔偿。爱德华兹先生因为病情而被隔离起来。所有的学生都想念他。

I-7

intense a.强烈的,剧烈的;热烈的,热情的

intensity n.强烈,剧烈;强度

intensive a.加强的,集中的;深入细致的

intention n.意图,意向,目的

interact v.相互作用,相互影响

intercourse n.交际,往来

interesting a.有趣的,引人人胜的

interfere v.(in)干涉,干预;(with)妨碍,打扰

interference n.(in)干涉,干预;(with)妨碍,打扰

interior a.内部的,里面的,z.内部;内地

intermediate a.中间的,居间的;中级的n.中间体,媒介

intermittent a.间歇的,断断续续的

internal a.内部的,内的;国内的,内政的

international a.国际的,世界的

interpret v.解释,说明;口译

interpreter n.译员,口译者

interrupt v.中断,遮断,阻碍;打断(话),打扰

interval n.间隔,间歇;(幕间或工间)休息

atintervals 不时,时时

intervene v.(in)干涉,干预;插入,介入

interview v./n.接见,会见;采访;面试

intimate a.亲密的,密切的

intricate a.错综复杂的,复杂精细的

introduce v.介绍;传人,引进;提出;采用

introduction n.(to)介绍;传人,引进;导言,导论,绪论

intuition n.直觉

invade v.侵入,侵略,侵害

invalid n.病人,病弱者,伤残人d.有病的,伤残的;供病人用的;无效的,作废的

Words:27 Phrases:l Total:28

Nowadays,the international situation is rather intricate. All things are interacted on each other. In the period that intervened April 1 and November 1 last year, two countries invaded each other at intervals. The people in these two countries heard intermittent gunshot day and night. The pain in the people’s hearts increased in intensity. It was not right for any country to interfere in the internal affairs of other countries. So the United Nations had to intervene. It introduced a diplomat to those two countries. The diplomat was on intimate terms with the leaders of both sides. He was a person who could tell things accurately by intuition. Before leaving, the diplomat reapplied for his passport because his former one was invalid. An intense young interpreter accompanied him. The young man had passed the intermediate level exam of English. In an interior city, both sides’ leaders interviewed the diplomat. At the meeting, the diplomat made an interesting speech. His speech was interrupted by applause at intervals. The two countries had the intention of peace. The problem was solved by intensive efforts! A friendly intercourse was rebuilt between the two countries. The interior trade in both countries boomed again.

当今世界,国际形势非常错综复杂。所有的事情都是互相影响的。在去年介于4月1日到11月1日之间,有两个国家不时地互相侵略。两国的人民白天黑夜都能听到间歇的炮击声。他们内心的痛苦更加剧烈了。任何一个国家干涉别国的内政都是不对的。因此联合国不得不干涉此事。它介绍了一名外交官去那两个国家。这名外交官同两国领导人都有着亲密的关系。他是个能凭直觉准确判断事物的人。在出发前,他重新申请了他的护照,因为他原先的那个无效了。一名热情的年轻译员陪伴着他。这个年轻人通过了英语中级水平测试。在一个内地城市,两方领导人接见了外交官。,在会议上,外交官做了有趣的演讲。他的演讲不时地被掌声打断。两个国家都有和好的意图。问题被深入细致的努力解决了!两国之间重新建立了友好往来。两国的国内贸易也重新繁荣起来。

I-8

invaluable a.非常宝贵的,无价的

invasion n.侵入,侵略

invent v.发明,创造;捏造,虚构

invention n.发明,创造

invert v.倒置,倒转,颠倒

invest v.投资

investigate v.调查;调查研究

investment n.投资,投资额

invisible a.看不见的,无形的

invitation n.邀请,招待;请柬

involve v.卷入,陷入,连累;包含,含有,涉及

inward ad.(also~s)向内,在内a.向内的,在内的,里面

ion n.离子

iron n.铁;烙铁,熨斗v.熨(衣),熨平

irregular a.不规则的,无规则的,不齐的

irregularity n.不规则,无规律

irrespective a.(of)不顾的,不考虑的

irritate v.激怒,恼火,使急躁

isolate v.隔离,孤立

isotope n.同位素

issue v.流出,放出;发行,发表,颁布n.发行(物),(报刊)期号;问题,争论点,争端

Italian a.意大利的,意大利人的,意大利语的n.意大利人,意大利语

item n.条,条款,项目

byitself 独立地,单独

initself 本身

Words:23 Phrases:2 Total:25

Freedomis invaluable for any country. So the invasion from an enemy country irritated an Italian scientist. He invested all his money in inventing a new kind of weapon that could work by itself. The experiment involved irregular ion movement theory and isotope theory. The scientist had to have the work done, irrespective of the cost. No one except his mother could visit his laboratory without invitation. His mother ironed his shirt for him every morning. On the day that the Italian scientist completed his invention, he smiled. His smile showed his inward happiness. The investment was regarded enough. The war situation was inverted and the invaders were defeated. A joint communique of truce was issued on June 5 that year. There were 102 items on it. Since the weapon sold well, the scientist earned a lot of money. Thus he was involved in trouble. The government began to investigate his invisible earning. Taxation was the main issue in the investigation. The scientist was isolated in a special room. The investigation was all right in itself but it went on too long. Five months later, the scientist was acquitted.

自由对任何一个国家都是非常宝贵的。因此来自一个敌国的入侵激怒了一名意大利的科学家。他投资了他所有的钱来发明一种新型的可以独自运作的武器。这项实验涉及了不规则离子运动理论和同位素理论。科学家必须完成这项工作,不考虑要花什么样的代价。除了他的母亲,任何人都不能不受邀请就参观他的实验室。他的母亲每天早上为他熨平衬衫。那天,意大利科学家完成了他的发明后,他笑了。他的笑展示了他内在的高兴。投资得到足够回报。战局倒转了,入侵者被击退。一份休战的联合公报在那年6月5日发表。公报上有102项条款。因为武器卖得好,科学家挣了很多钱。这使得他陷入了麻烦。政府开始调查他无形的收入。税收是调查的主要争论点。科学家被隔离在一个特别的屋子里。调查本身是好的,但它拖得太长了。5个月后,科学家被无罪释放。’

J-1

jacket n.短上衣,茄克衫

jail/gaol n.监狱v.监禁

jam n.阻塞,轧住;果酱v.(使)阻塞,(使)轧住不动

jar n.罐,坛,广口瓶

jargon n.行话

jaw n.颌,颚

jazz n.爵士乐

jealous a.(of)妒忌的;猜疑的,警惕的

jealousy n.妒忌;猜忌;提防

jet n.喷气发动机,喷气式飞机;喷口,喷嘴v.喷出,喷射

jewel n.宝石,宝石饰物

jewelry/jewellery n.[总称]珠宝

Jewish a.犹太人的

jog v.慢跑

joint n.接合处,接头,接缝;关节,骨节a.联合的,共同的,连接的

jolly a.欢乐的,高兴的ad.非常

journal n.定期刊物,杂志,日报;日志,日记

journey n.旅行,旅程v.旅行

joy n.欢乐,喜悦;乐事,乐趣

judgment/judgement n.审判,判决;判断力,识别力;看法,意见

juice n.(水果)汁,液

junction n.连接,接合;交叉点,接合处,枢纽站

junior a.年少的,年幼的;低年级的;后进的,下级的;(美国四年制大学)三年级的n.年少者,低班生;下级,晚辈;(美国

四年制大学)三年级学生

jury n.陪审团;全体评审员

justice n.公正,公平;审判,司法

justify v.证明……是正当的,认为有理

Words:27 Phrases:0 Total:27

Pete’sparents divorced when he was studying at a junior middle school. Pete gave up his study. To earn money, he put on sport jacket and then danced jazz in the street. But his income only could afford a jar of orange juice. He felt jealous of rich people, especially a Jewish woman. She was a jolly woman. Every one could see the joy in her smiling face. But Pete though she had a proud jaw only because she wore jewelry! Some guys taught Pete to speak jargon and how to steal! One night, Pete went jogging and he saw the Jewish woman walk alone! He robbed of her jewel! The woman defended herself with a knife. She cut his wrist so badly that blood jetted out. Pete fled in a hurry. On the way, he hurt his ankle joint. Pete tried to leave on a jet plane. But it was late. He was arrested and put into a jail. The police knew that his motive was jealousy. But in the name of justice, all men should be equal before laws. Nothing could justify Pete’s robbery. The jury passed judgment on Pete. He was judged guilty. A journalist heard of Pete’s story, he wanted to interview him. As a journalist of a famous journal, he journeyed frequently. He drove a car to the jail. But he was held for an hour in a traffic jam. The traffic jam happened at a highway junction. In the car, the journalist began to think what caused Pete to be a criminal.

彼特的父母在彼特念低年级中学(初中)时离婚了。彼特放弃了学业。为了挣钱,他穿上运动茄克衫在街上跳爵士乐舞。但他的收入只够买一罐橘子汁。他很妒忌富人,特别是一名犹太妇女。那是一名欢乐的妇女。每个人都在她的笑脸上看到喜悦。但彼特认为她有一个骄傲的下颌只不过是因为她戴着珠宝!一些家伙教彼特行话,还教他如何盗窃!一天夜里,彼特慢跑时看见了那个犹太妇女独自一人行走!他抢劫了她的珠宝!妇女用一把小刀进行自卫。她把他的手腕砍伤得很厉害,鲜血喷射出来。彼特匆忙逃走了。路上,他伤了他的踝关节。彼特试图乘喷气式飞机离开,但迟了。他被逮捕并关人监狱。警方知道他的动机是妒忌。但在公正的名义下,人人在法律面前平等。没有什么理由可以证明他的抢劫是正当的。陪审团通过了判决。他被判有罪。一名新闻记者听说了彼特的事,他想采访他。作为一家知名期刊的新闻记者,他常常旅行。他开车去监狱。但他被交通阻塞耽搁了一个钟头。交通阻塞发生在一个高速公路的交叉点处。在车里,新闻记者开始思索是什么导致彼特成为罪犯。

K-1

keen a.锋利的;敏锐的,敏捷的;(on)热心的,渴望的

keepback 阻止,阻挡;隐瞒,保留

keepdown 控制,压制,镇压;压低,放低(声音) ’

keepfrom 使……不(做)

keepoff 不接近,避开

keepon 继续不断,保持

keepout of 躲开,置身……之外

keepto 坚持,保持

keepup 保持,维持;继续进行,坚持

keepup with 向……看齐,跟上

kerosene/kerosine n.煤油,火油

kettle n.水壶

keyboard n.键盘

kick v./n.踢

kid n.小孩,儿童v.戏弄,取笑

kidnap v.绑架

kidney n.肾,肾脏

kill v.杀死;破坏,毁掉;消磨(时间)

kilo/kilogram/kilogramme n.千克,公斤

kilowatt n.千瓦

kindergarten n.幼儿园

kingdom n.王国,领域

kitchen n.厨房

kite n.风筝

knee n.膝,膝盖

kneel v.跪,下跪

knit v.编织,编结;接合,粘合

knob n.门把,(球形)把手,旋钮

knock v.敲,敲打,碰撞n.敲,击

knockdown 撞倒,击倒

knockout 击倒,击昏

knot n.(绳)结;(树)节;节(=海里/小时)v.打结

knownas 被认为是,被称为

knowledge n.知识,学问;知道,了解

Words:25 Phrases:9 Total:34

Mr.Hughes was cleaning a keyboard in the kitchen when the telephone rang. It was from his daughter’s kindergarten. The kid was kidnapped when she was flying the kite! Mr. Hughes kept down his voice to answer the phone. His wife was knitting. He kept the news back. Mr. Hughes asked the “Flying Tiger team for help. This team was known as the best team in the police office. Every team member had enough knowledge to keep a hostage from being killed. The kidnappers asked for ransom. The Flying Tiger set out. Mr. Hughes kept up with them. Their car kept up high speed for several kilometers before they arrived. A policeman knotted the pieces of string together then he climbed up the house. Another one turned the doorknob but it was locked. So he gave the door a kick then knocked it down. The gunfight began. A kidnapper poured one or two kilogram kerosene on the floor from a kettle. He fired it. But the fire could not keep back the policemen. They kept off the fire and kept on moving on. A policeman shot at the kidnapper. The latter tried to keep out of the way of the bullet but it still hit his kidney. He knelt down on his knees. One by one, all the kidnappers were knocked out. Mr. Hughes turned on a lamp of 1 kilowatt. He was keen on seeing his daughter. His daughter was alive! The next week, Mr. Hughes kept to his promise. He took his daughter to the park, Animal Kingdom.

L-1

label n.标签,标记;称号v.贴标签于;把……称为

labor/labour v.劳动;苦干

laboratory/lab n.实验室,研究室

lace n.花边;带子,鞋带v.系带,扎带

lack n/v.缺乏,不足

lad n.男孩,小伙子

ladder n.梯子,阶梯

Ladies n.(=ladies’room)[用作单]公共女厕所,女盥洗

lag v./n.落后(于),滞后(于)

lamb n.羔羊,小羊;羔羊肉

lame a.跛的,站不住脚的;有缺陷的

lamp n.灯

landine n.登陆,着陆;楼梯平台

landlady n.女房东,女地主

landlord n.房东,地主

lane n.小路,小巷;行车道

language n.语言

lantern n.灯,灯笼

lap n.大腿

oflarge 一般,大体上

largely ad.主要地,基本上;大量地,大规模地

lark n.百灵鸟,云雀

laser n.激光

atlast 最终,终于

lately ad.最近,不久前

Words:23 Phrases:2 Total:25

Adiligent lad worked at a laboratory. The lab largely produced laser instruments. The lad’s job largely was to label the laser instruments. He liked his job at large and worked hard. He did not even rest on Labor’s Day. In his mind, hard work was a ladder to success. One evening, as usual, the lad turned off the lamps in the ladies’ room and men’s room. Then he laced up his shoes and went home. He lived in an inn. It was a nice inn except for the cold landlady and the boring landlord there. The landlady always wore a dress with delicate lace. The lad carried a lantern because the lane he took was dark. On the way, he heard something. He looked back then found a lamb. The lamb was lame in its lap. It seemed to lack good care. The lad did not know the animal’s language, but he touched it softly. At last the lad decided to adopt it even though he adopted a lark lately. The lamb followed him. It lagged behind because of its lame lap, so from time to time the lad waited for it to catch up with him. The landlady and the landlord would return by plane that night. Fortunately, the plane’s landing was delayed because of fog. Thus the lad could hide the lamb in time.

一个勤奋的小伙子在一个实验室工作。实验室大规模地生产激光设备。小伙子的工作基本上是给激光设备贴标签。他大体上还喜欢他的工作,工作很努力。他甚至连劳动节都不休息。在他的思想里,勤奋工作是通往成功的梯子。一天晚上,像往常一样,小伙子关上公共女厕和公共男厕的灯。然后他系好鞋带回家去。他住在一个小客栈。那个客栈很好,只是那儿的女房东很冷漠,男房东很令人讨厌。女房东总是穿着带精致花边的裙子。小伙子提着一只灯笼,因为他走的那条小巷很黑。路上,他听到什么。他回头发现了一只羔羊。羔羊的大腿是跛的。它看起来缺乏好的照顾。小伙子不懂动物的语言,但他很温柔地抚摸它。最终,小伙子决定收养它,尽管他最近才收养了一只百灵鸟。羔羊跟着他。因为它大腿是跛的,它老落后,因此不时地小伙子会等它跟上来。当晚女房东和男房东将乘飞机回来。幸运地是飞机的着陆因为大雾而延迟了。小伙子得以及时地藏起羔羊。

L-2

latent a.潜在的,潜伏的,不易察觉的

later ad.后来,过后

lateral a.侧面的,旁边的

Latin, a.拉丁的,拉丁文的n.拉丁语

latitude n.纬度

latter a.后面的,未了的pron.后者

laughter n.笑,笑声

launch n.发射,下水

laundry n.洗衣房(店);待洗衣物,所洗衣物

lavatory n.厕所,盥洗室

lawn n.草地,草坪

lawyer n.律师

lay v.放,搁;下(蛋);铺设,砌(砖)

layaside 把……搁置一边,储蓄

laydown 放下;制定;铺设

layoff (临时)解雇;休息

layout 安排,布置;陈列,展示;设计,制定

layer n.层

layout n.布局,陈设

lead v,领导,引导;领先,占首位;(to)通向,导致,引起n.带领,引导

lead n.铅

leadership n.领导

leading a.领导的,指导的;第一位的;最主要的

leaf n.叶子;(书刊的)一页,一张;金属薄片

leaflet n.小叶,嫩叶;传单,活页

Words:21 Phrases:4 Total: 25

Mr.Dawson used to be a Latin teacher and live on an island of 30 degrees north latitude. Once he found his latent abilities he left the island by ship. The ship launched on a nice day. Mr. Dawson and his wife moved into a new apartment. The wife employed a company to lay out the apartment. The company changed the layout completely. Later Mr. Dawson became a lawyer. Recently, he worried about a case of lead poisoning. There were several layers of inside stories in this case. Mrs. Dawson laid the baby down quietly and said to her husband, “Why don’t you lay off for a while until your mind is fresher? Let’s have tea on the lawn.” The latter agreed with her. He laid that case aside then he went to the lavatory to wash his face. To relax himself, Mr. Dawson began to laugh and his laughter could even be heard in the next room. After that, he laid down a plan of action. He took a leaf out of the notebook to write it down. First of all, Mr. Dawson laid off one of his assistants because he was a hidden spy. Then he distributed leaflets to the other assistants to explain the action program. Under Mr. Dawson’s leadership, the team worked well. He played a leading role. The day before the trail, Mr. Dawson sent his best suit to the laundry. The laundry came back the next morning. Mr. Dawson walked into the court from a lateral door. He was very confident.

道森先生过去是名拉丁语教师,他住在北纬30度的一个小岛上。一旦他发现了自己潜在的能力,他就乘船离开了小岛。船儿在一个好天气下水。道森先生和他的太太搬进了一个新的公寓。太太雇了一个公司来设计公寓。公司完全改变了房子的布局。后来,道森先生成了一名律师。最近,他正担忧着一桩铅中毒案件。这个案件有几层内幕。道森太太将婴儿轻轻放下后对丈夫说:“你不能休息一会儿直到你的思路重新清晰么?让我们去草坪那儿喝喝茶吧。”后者同意她的话。他把案件搁置一边然后去盥洗室洗脸。为了让自己轻松,道森先生开始笑起来。他的笑声在隔壁都听得到。那之后,他制定了一个行动方案。他从笔记本里取出一页写下来。首先,道森先生解雇了一名助手,因为他是个内奸。然后他散发传单给其他助手来解释行动方案。在道森先生的领导下,小组工作得很好。他起了最主要的作用。审判前一天,道森先生将他最好的西服送到洗衣房。所洗衣服第二天早上送回了。道森先生从一个侧面的门走进法庭。他显得非常自信。

L-3

league n.同盟,联盟;联合会,社团

leak v.漏,泄漏,n.漏洞,漏隙;泄漏,漏出

leakage n.漏,泄漏

lean v.倾斜,屈身;倚,靠;依赖a.瘦的,无脂肪的

leap v.跳,跳跃n.跳跃,飞跃

learned a.博学的,有学问的

learning n.知识,学问;学习

least a.最小的;最少的ad.最小;最少

at least 至少,最低限度

in the least 一点,丝毫

leather n.皮革,皮革制品

leave behind 留下,忘记带

leave out 遗漏,略去

lecture n./v.演讲,讲课

left a./n.左(的),左边(的)

leg n.腿

legal a.法律的,法定的;合法的,正当的

legend n.传说,传奇

leisure n.空闲,闲暇;悠闲,安逸

at leisure 从容地,有空

lemon n.柠檬

lend v.借给,贷(款)

lend itself to 适宜于,对……有用

length n.长,长度;一段,一节;程度,范围

at length 终于,最后;详细地

Words:18 Phrases:7 Total:25

WhenMr. Mill was young, his purpose in learning was to be a teacher. Now he was a learned professor. That morning, Mr. Mill had lean pork and lemon tea as breakfast. Then he put on his leather gloves to go to the classroom. The classroom was 25 feet in length and 20 feet in width. He would have a legal lecture this time. Until then did Mr. Mill realize that he had left his textbook behind in the office. But he did not seem to be in the least nervous. He leant on the chair and began his lecture at leisure. He explained the legal rights of the people at length. Nothing was left out. The topic lent itself to discussion. After discussion, the students came to understand it at length. Before the class was over, Mr. Mill asked the students if they were at leisure these days. He suggested them read at least one book on the legal rights. A student noticed Mr. Mill’s left leg was lame. Mr. Mill answered, “I am a member of the School Football League. In my last match, I tried to leap a linebacker. I wanted to create a legend but I hurt my leg. Please don’t leak the news. You are in league with me. OK? Your leakage will damage my reputation!” Mr. Mill made a face. All the students laughed.

当米尔先生年轻的时候,他学习的目的是成为一名老师。现在他是一名博学的教授。那天早上,米尔先生吃了瘦肉,喝了柠檬茶作为早餐。然后他戴上皮革手套去教室了。教室有25英尺长,20英尺宽。他这次将做一个法律的演讲。直到那时米尔先生才意识到他忘记带讲义,把它落在办公室了。但他似乎一点也不紧张。他靠在椅子上开始从容地进行他的演讲了。他详细地解释了人民的合法权利。没有任何内容被遗漏。这个课题适宜于讨论。讨论之后,学生们终于理解了。下课前,米尔先生问学生们这些日子是否有空。他建议他们至少阅读一本关于法定权利的书。一个学生注意到米尔先生的左腿是跛的。米尔先生回答道:“我是一名校足球社团的成员。在最.近一次比赛中,我试图跳跃过一名后卫。我想创造一项传奇,但伤了自己的腿。请不要泄露这个新闻。你们与我联盟。好么?你们的泄露会损坏我的声誉的!”米尔先生做了个鬼脸。所有的学生都笑了。

L-4

lengthen v.延长,(使)变长

lens n.透镜,镜头

less a./ad.更少的(地),更小的(地)

no less than 决不少于,不亚于,不次于;(和……)一样

lessen v.减少,减轻

lesser a.较小的;较少的;次要的

lest conj.惟恐,免得

let alone 不干涉;更不用说

let down 放下,降低;使失望

let go 放开,松手

let in 让……进入,放……进来

let loose 放开,放松,释放

let off 放(炮、烟火),开(枪);宽恕,从宽处理;免除

let out 放掉,放出,发出;放大(衣服),放松(绳子)

level n.水平,水准;等级,级别a.水平的,平的v.弄平,铺平

lever n.杆,杠杆

liability n.责任,义务;[pl.]债务

liable a.(for),有责任的,有义务的;(to)有……倾向的,易于……的

liar n.说谎的人

liberal a.慷慨的,大方的;丰富的,富足的;自由的,思想开明的

liberate v.解放,释放

liberty n.自由

librarian n.图书管理员

library n.图书馆,藏书室;藏书;丛书,文库

license/licence n.许可证,执照;准许,认可

Words:22 Phrases:4 Total:26

Aliberal librarian should be liable for the library’s safety. Mr. Hall was a high level qualified librarian. He had his license for 10 years. The days started to lengthen in March. Mr. Hall spent more time in the library. After work, he used lens to make telescopes. One afternoon, he heard some steps. He followed then found no less than three books were stolen. Mr. Hall moved a lever to close the door first. Then he chased the thief, frightening him at the same time, “Stop or I will let off the gun!” He caught the thief with a cord but was surprised to find it was a boy. The boy cried, “Let go of my hand!” Mr. Hall let out the cord to let the boy loose. The boy let down his fist. His fear had already lessened. Mr. Hall let the boy in his office. The boy spoke in whisper lest Mr. Hall would blame him. He said he had not enough money for food, let alone books. Mr. Hall let out a sigh. He had a liberal mind. Compared with stealing money, stealing book was the lesser evil. He said to the boy, “If you are a liar, you will let me down. Every one is liable to error when he is poor. I let you off this time. You hold no liability of damages.” Mr. Hall liberated the boy from fear The boy gained his liberty. To his surprise, the liberal librarian even gave him some money! The boy left with grateful tears.

一名慷慨的图书管理员对图书馆的安全是有责任的。霍尔先生是一个高水平的合格的图书管理员。他获得执照已经有10年了。3月起白天开始拉长。霍尔先生花更多的时间在图书馆里。下班后,他用透镜制作望远镜。一天下午,他听到脚步声。他跟过去发现不少于三本书被盗。霍尔先生移动了一个杠杆把门先关上。然后他追赶盗贼,一边还吓唬他:“停住!不然我开枪了!”他用一根绳索抓住了盗贼,但吃惊地发现那是个男孩。男孩喊道:“放开我的手!”霍尔先生放松绳子释放了男孩。男孩放下了拳头。他的恐惧减少了。霍尔先生让男孩进入他的办公室。男孩很小声说话,惟恐霍尔先生责怪他。他说他没有足够的钱来买食物,更不用说是书了。霍尔先生发出一声叹息。他是个思想开明的人。对比偷钱采说,偷书算是较小的罪恶了。他对男孩说:“如果你是一个说谎的人,那么你会使我失望的。如果一个人很穷的话,他很易于犯错。我这次宽恕你。你没有责任赔偿损失。”霍尔先生将男孩自恐惧中解放了出来。男孩获得了自由。让他吃惊的是,慷慨的图书管理员甚至还给了他一些钱!男孩含着感激的泪水离开了。

I-5

lick v/n.舔

lid n.盖

lie v.躺,平放;位于

liein 在于

lie v.说谎n.谎话,谎言

lifetime n.一生,终生

lift v.(使)升起,举;消散n.电梯;上升;举起;免费搭车

light n.光,光亮,光线;灯,灯光,光源v.点(火),点燃;(使)变亮,照亮a.轻的;轻松的;(颜色)淡的,光亮的

cast/shade/throwlight on/upon 使明白,阐明

in(the) light of 按照,根据

lighten v.减轻,(使)轻松;(使)发亮,照亮

lighter n.打火机

“lightly ad.轻轻地;容易地,轻松地

lightning n.闪电a.闪电般的,快速的

likelihood n.可能性

likely a.很可能的,有希望的ad.大概,多半

likeness n.同样,相似

likewise ad.同样地,照样地;又,也,而且

limb n.肢,翼;大树枝

lime n.石灰

limestone n.石灰石

limit n.界限,限度,范围v.(to)限制,限定

limitation n.限制,局限性

limited a.有限的,被限制的

limp a.柔软的,易曲的v/n.蹒跚,跛行

Words:22 Phrases:3 Total:25

Dianawas a chemical teacher. She taught her students something like lime could be obtained by burning limestone. One night she saw a dog lie under a tree when she was passing by. It was too weak to lift its limp paws. It was likely to be hurt by the fallen limb. Diana knew her limitations. In the light of her mother’s comments, her love had no limit. In fact, there was much likeness between her mother and her. Diana held the dog in her arms. The dog licked her hand. Its head touched her shoulder lightly. Diana went to a hospital. Only a limited number of hospitals were available to animals. A full moon lightened their path to the hospital. The doctor said the problem lied in its forelimb and it would not die. Diana’s heart lightened when she heard it. Two weeks later, the dog could walk with a limp. One day, there was some likelihood of rain. In a lift, Diana met a man who asked her if she had a cigarette lighter. The man approached her and suddenly he took out a dagger, “Give me your purse!” Just then, the dog jumped at a lightning speed. It bit his wrist. The man cried and rushed out of the lift. Diana would remember this during her lifetime. The dog cast light on her of its love. The dog never lied, and it even saved her from danger. When they returned home, to reward the dog, Diana lifted the lid of the lot and took out a big bone for him.

黛安娜是名化学老师。她教学生一些东西,像什么“石灰可以通过焚烧石灰石来获取。”一天夜里,当她经过一棵树时看见一只狗躺在树下。它虚弱得抬不起它柔软的爪子。它大概给落下的大树枝砸伤了。黛安娜知道自己的局限性。根据她母亲的评论,她的爱是没有限度的。实际上,她同母亲有许多相似。黛安娜将狗儿抱在怀里。狗舔着她的手。它的脑袋轻轻地碰着她的肩膀。黛安娜去了一家医院。只有有限的几家医院接待动物。满月的光辉照亮了她们去医院的道路。医生说问题在于它的前肢上,不过它不会死的。听到这,黛安娜的心轻松了。两周后,狗儿可以跛行了。一天,天气有下雨的可能性。在一个电梯里,黛安娜遇见了一个男子问她有没有打火机。男子靠近她并突然取出一把匕首:“把钱包给我!”正在那时,狗儿以闪电般的速度跳起来。它狠狠咬了他的手腕。男人大叫着冲出电梯。黛安娜一生都会记着此事。狗儿使她明白它对她的爱。狗儿从不说谎,甚至还在她危险的时刻救了她一命。当他们回家后,为了奖励狗儿,黛安娜掀开锅的盖子取了一根大骨头给它。

I-6

inline 成一直线,排成一行

inline with 和……成直线;与…一致,按照

lineup 排队,使排成一行

linen n.亚麻布,亚麻布制品

liner n.班机,班轮

linger v.逗留,徘徊,拖延

link v.连接,联系n.环节,链节

lion n.狮子

lip n.嘴唇

liquid n.液体a.液体的,液态的

liquor n.酒,烈性酒

list n.表,目录,清单v.把……编列成表,列入表内

liter/litre n.[容量单位]升

literally ad.照字面意义,逐字地;确实

literary a.文学上的,文学的;精通文学的,从事写作的

literature n.文学,文学作品;文献

alittle 一点,稍;一些,少许

littleby little 逐渐地

quitea little 相当多,不少

liveon/by 靠……生活,以……为食

livethrough 度过,经受过

liveup to 做到,不辜负

lively a.活泼的,活跃的;栩栩如生的,真实的

liver n.肝,肝脏

living a.活的,活着的n.生活,生计

living-room n.起居室

Words:17 Phrases:9 Total:26

Aliterary man lived on writing. His penname was Lion. The readers felt a little difficult to understand his literature literally. His language was living and changing all the time. But little by little, they were in line with his opinion. Lion lived up to what readers expected of him. Before he wrote a new novel, he listed all the things he had to do. Liquor was the most important thing. He thought there was a link between drinking liquor and writing literature. Liquor was a kind of liquid food to him and made his mind lively. He loved the feeling from the liquor kissed his lips. Lion lingered round the bar all the night. During the past 10 years, he gained quite a little knowledge about liquor. About his health, the doctor said it was just a touch of liver. He still drank 1 liter of liquor every morning. After that, he put on a shirt made of linen. Next he began to write in the living-room. It would last a long time until he finished the novel. Then he would take an air liner to another city for travel. In the airport, the passengers lined up in a “1” formation. Once Lion even saw several birds fly in line when he was in an airplane.

一名从事写作的男子靠写作生活。他的笔名叫狮子。读者照字面意义理解他的文学作品会感到—点困难。他的语言是活的,而且一直在变化着。但逐渐地,他们会与他的观点一致。狮子从来不辜负读者对他的期望。在写新的小说之前,他会把他必须要做的事情列表。酒是最重要的东西。他认为在喝酒和写文学作品之间是有一种联系的。酒对他而言是一种液体的食物并且可以使他的思维活泼。他喜爱酒亲吻他嘴唇的感觉。狮子整晚在酒吧逗留。在过去的10年里,他获得不少关于酒的知识。关于他的健康,医生说他只是肝有点问题。他仍然每天早上喝一升酒。那之后,他穿上一件亚麻布衬衫。接下来,他在起居室开始写作。这种情形会持续到他写完小说。然后他会乘一架班机去另一个城市旅游。在机场,乘客们排队站成“1”字型。狮子还曾经在飞机上看见有几只鸟儿成一直线地飞翔。

I-7

load v.装(货),装载,装填n.装载(量),负荷(量);(一)担,(一)车

loaf n.(一个)面包

loan n.贷款;出借,借出v.借出

lobby n.门廊,门厅,(会议)休息厅

local a.地方的,当地的;局部的

locality n.位置,地点

locate 找……的地点;使……坐落于,位于

location n.位置,场所

lock n.锁v.锁,锁上

locker n.更衣箱,寄物柜

locomotive n.机车,火车头a.运动的,移动

lodge v.住宿,投宿,留宿

lodging n.寄宿,住宿;住房,住所

log n.原木,圆木;航海日志

logic n.逻辑,逻辑学

logical a.逻辑的,符合逻辑的

lonely a.孤独的,寂寞的

aslong as/so long as 只要,如果

beforelong 不久以后

forlong 长久地

nolonger 不再,已不

longing n.(for)渴望

longitude n.经度

lookafter 照管,照料

lookback 回顾,回头看

lookdown on 看不起,轻视

lookforward to 盼望,期待

lookin 顺便看望

lookinto 调查,观察,过问,窥视

lookon 旁观,观看;看待,视作

Words:19 Phrases:11 Total:30

Threeyears ago Mr. Nelson went to another town that was at longitude 24 degrees east. It was a good location to earn some money. Having looked into the file, Mr. Nelson was accepted to be a locomotive engineer in the local railway station. Every day, after other workers finished loading up logs, he began to work. Mr. Nelson could not go home often. He only looked in his family when the train passed by his hometown. His wife looked after their daughter well. Mr. Nelson liked to look back on the time he spent with his daughter. He looked on her as treasure and missed her for long. He promised to tell her a story recorded in a ship log next time. As long as Mr. Nelson was gone, he felt lonely. Loneliness made him a logical thinker. He seldom spoke, which caused the others to look down on him. But he did not care. He was sad no longer because he would see his daughter before long. His longing had been awakened. He had been looking forward to the exciting moment. Mr. Nelson asked his boss for a loan of 50 dollar to buy a gift for his daughter. He put the gift into his locker and locked it. That night, Mr. Nelson ate a loaf of bread then lodged at the lobby of the railway station. The lodging was not comfortable but he had a good dream.

三年前纳尔逊先生去了位于东经24度的另一个城镇。那个城镇是个挣钱的好场所。被调查过档案后,纳尔逊先生成了一名当地的火车站的机车司机。每天在其他工人装载完原木后他就开始工作了。纳尔逊先生不能常常回家。他只有在火车经过他的家乡的时候顺便看望他的家人。他的妻子把他们的女儿照料得很好。纳尔逊先生喜欢回顾他与女儿度过的时光。他视她为珍宝并长久地思念她。他许诺下次给她讲一个记载在航海日志里的故事。只要纳尔逊先生不在家乡,他就感到孤独。孤独让他成为一个逻辑性的思考者。他很少说话,这使得别人很轻视他。但他不在意。他不再沮丧了,因为他不久以后将见到自己的女儿。他的渴望被唤醒。他盼望着那激动的时刻。他向老板贷款了50美元给女儿买礼物。他把礼物放人更衣箱然后锁上它。那天夜里,纳尔逊先生吃了一个面包,然后在火车站的门厅里寄宿。住所很不舒服,但他做了一个好梦。

I-8

lookout 留神,注意,提防,警惕

lookover 检查,查看,调查

lookthrough 仔细查看,浏览,温习

lookup 查阅,查寻

lookup to 尊敬,敬仰

loop n.圈,环

loose a.松的,肥大的

loosely ad.宽松地,松散地

loosen v.解开,放松

lord n.[L-]上帝,主;主人;长官,君主;贵族

lorry n.卡车,运货汽车

lose v.丢,丢失;迷(路);输;(钟表)走慢

loss n.丢失,遗失,丧失;损失,亏损

ata loss 困惑,不知所措

loudspeaker n.扬声器,扩音器

lounge n.休息室,起居室,客厅

fallin love (with) 相爱,爱上

lovely a.可爱的,好看的;令人愉快的,美好的

lover n.爱好者;[pl.]情侣

lower a.较低的;下级的,下游的v.降下,放低

loyal a.(to)忠诚的,忠贞的

loyalty n.忠诚,忠贞

lubricate v.润滑,加润滑油于

lucky a.幸运的,侥幸的、

luggage n.行李

lumber n.木材,木料

lump n.团,块v.(使)成团,(使)成块

lunar a.月的,月亮的

lunarcalendar 农历

lung n.肺

luxury n.奢侈,华贵;奢侈品

Words:23 Phrases:8 Total:31

Mr. Parker was a lord whom everyone looked up to. He had a lumber mill. Every morning, he used a lorry to carry the lumbers to the railway station. In the lounge of the railway station, there were signs everywhere warning people to look out for their luggage. But Mr. Parker did lose his that morning. The loss would cause much trouble. When he was at a loss, he was lucky to hear a nice voice from a loudspeaker announcing that his lost luggage was found. Mr. Parker went to the lost and found office. He saw a lovely woman. Her wavy hair fell in loose loops upon her shoulder. Mr. Parker fell in love with her at once. He was so nervous that he lowered his head and loosened his tie. From then on, Mr. Parker lubricated the wheels of her bike every day. He looked up the most affecting words in the dictionary to write essays. He asked the woman to look over the essays written for her. She looked through them and handed them back without comments. Mr. Parker did not give up. One day the woman told him that she was afraid because she felt a lump in her left lung. Mr. Parker spent the most difficult time with her. He was entirely loyal to her. They became lovers after she recovered. According to the lunar calendar, they would marry during the spring festival. The woman objected to luxury on their marriage and Mr. Parker agreed with her.

派克先生是个人人都尊敬的贵族。他有一个木材厂。每天上午,他用一辆卡车装运木材去火车站。火车站的休息室到处都是标志,提醒人们注意他们的行李。但派克先生那天早上还是弄丢了行李。遗失将带来许多麻烦。当他不知所措的时候,他幸运地听到一个扬声器里很好听的一个声音通知他丢的行李找到了。派克先生去了失物招领处。他看见一个可爱的女子。她波浪一般的头发形成松松的圈圈披在她的肩膀上。派克先生立刻爱上了她。他很紧张,以至于他低下头把领结解开了。从此,派克先生每天给她的自行车车轮加润滑油门他在字典里查寻最感人的词语来写,散文。他请求女子查看他为她写的散文。她浏览了一下然后不加评论就还给了他。派克先生没有气馁。一天那名女子告诉他她很害怕,因为她感觉到自己左肺有个肿块。派克先生陪伴她度过了最艰难的时期。他对她完全忠诚。在她痊愈之后,他们成了情侣。根据农历,他们将春节结婚。女方反对婚礼奢侈,派克先生同意她的观点。

传奇漏洞检测查看工具(单职业传奇漏洞命令)

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